affect
英音 [əˈfekt]   美音 [əˈfekt]  
高中/CET4/CET6/考研/TOEFL/IELTS
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
vt.影响;感染;感动;假装
vi.倾向;喜欢
n.情感;引起感情的因素
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【词根】a(=to)+fect(做[fac,fact,fect,fic,fig=make,do,表示"做,制作"])→反复不断地去做→影响
【串记】
His affection for the defects is affected by the infectious perfect effect.
他对缺点的钟爱受到具有感染力的完美效果的影响.
单词例句
He was deeply affected by my words.
他听了我的话很受感动。
No one can change you, others can only affect you.
没有人能改变你,别人只能影响你。
The news did not affect her at all.
那个消息对她没任何影响。
拓展记忆
affect v 影响,感动(af使+fect=使人做=影响)
fac,fact,fect,fic,fig=make,do,表示”做,制作”
facile a 容易做的(fac+ile能…的)
facilitate v 使容易(fac+ilitale能够=使能够做=使容易)
facility n 便利,便利设备(容易让人做事)
factor n 要素,动力(fact+or=促使人做的东西=要素,动力)
benefactor n 捐助者,恩人(bene好+fact+or=做好事的人)
benefaction n 善事,恩惠(bene好+fact+ion)
malefaction n 罪恶,犯罪(male坏+fact+ion)
facsimile n 复写,传真(fac+simile相同=做出相同的东西=传真)
faction n 宗派,小集团(fact+ion=[一帮人]做=小集团)
factious a 搞派别的(faction的形容词)
factitious a 人为的,不自然的(fact +itious…的=做出来的,不自然的)
manufacture a 制造(业)(manu手+fact+ure=手做=制造业(机器发明前用手做)) 前用
的手做))
affect v 影响,感动(af使+fect=使人做=影响)
affected a 受感动的,假装的(affect 影响+ed=被影响的=被感动的)
affection n 感情,友情(affect+ion=感动=感情)
affectation n 假装(affect+ation=做出的感动=假装)
affectionate a 充满感情的(affection 感情+ate)
affective a 令人感动的( affect感动+ive表示主动的形容词=令人感动的)
confection n 糖果(con共同+fect+ion=混在一起=糖果)
confectionery n 糖果店(confection糖果+ery=糖果店)
defect n 缺点,缺陷,变节(de坏+fect=做坏了=缺陷)
defection n 叛党,变节(de坏+fect=做坏事=叛党)
disaffect a 使…感情疏远,不满(dis分开+affect感情=感情分开=疏远)
disaffected a 不满的,背离的(disaffect+ed)
effect v 实施,生效,效果(ef出+fect=做出来=生效,效果)
effective v 有效的(effect +ive)
effectuate v 使…有效(effect+uate表示动词)
infect v 传染,感化(in进入+fact=做进去=传染进去)
infection n 传染,感化(infect+ion)
infectious a 传染性的(infect+ious)
perfect a 完美的,完全的(per全部+fect=全部做完=完美的)
perfection n 完全,完美(perfect+ion)
sacrifice v 牺牲n. 牺牲品(sacri神圣+fice=为神做的东西=牺牲品)
efficacy n 功效,功能(ef出+fic+acy=做出来的结果=功效)
efficacious a 有效应的(efficacy.y 变成i,再加ous)
efficient a (做事)有效的(ef出+fic+ent=能做出事来=有效率的)
proficient a 精通的,熟练的(pro前+fic+ient=以前做过=熟练的)
proficiency n 精通,熟练(pro+fic+inecy)
suffice v 使满足,充足(suf在下面+fice=在下面先做好=充足)
sufficient a 足够的,充分的(suffice+inet)
profit n 利润,利益(pro前+fit[=fict]=先做的好处=利益)
profitable a 有利润的(profit+able)
fiction n 虚构,小说(fict+ion=做出的故事=小说)
fictitious a 虚构的(fict+itious)
feat n 功绩,事业(feat=fact做大事=功绩)
feature n 面貌,特征(feat+ure=做事的状态=做事特征)
feasible a 可行的,可能的(feas做+ible=能够做的=可行的)
malfeasance n 不法行为(mal坏+feas+ance=做坏事)
defeat v 打败,摧毁(de向下+feat=做下去=打下去)
defeatism n 失败主义(defeat +ism)
figment n 虚构的事物(fig+ment=做出的东西=虚构)
figure n 形象,人物(fig+ure =做出的状态=形象)
transfigure v 使变形,使改观(trans改变+figure形状)
configuration n 结构,形状,配置(con共同+figure形象+ion=形象放在一起=总结构)
fashion n 时髦,风气(fash[=fac 做]+ion=做出的东西=时髦)
fashionable a 时髦的,流行的(fashion+able)
辨析记忆
affect / influence / impress
这些动词均含“影响”之意。
affect → 作主语通常是物而不是人,指一物对另一物产生的消极影响。
influence → 侧重在思想、性格、行为等方面所产生的潜移默化的影响,也可指自然力的影响。
impress → 强调影响既深刻又持久。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【六级】Migrating birds affect ecosystems both at home and at their winter destinations, and disrupting the traditional routes could have unexpected side effects.

候鸟影响着家里和冬季目的地的生态系统,扰乱传统路线可能会产生意想不到的副作用。

【六级】Communications with others not only affects our sense of identity but also directly influences our physical and emotional well-being.

与他人的交流不仅影响我们的认同感,而且直接影响我们的身心健康。

【六级】The protection and improvement of the human environment is a major issue which affects the well-being of peoples and economic development throughout the world, read the final declaration from this gathering, the first of a sequence which would lead to the Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit in 1992 and the World Development Summit in Johannesburg three years ago.

“保护和改善人类环境是影响全世界人民福祉和经济发展的一个重大问题,”本次会议的《最后宣言》写道,这是1992年里约热内卢地球首脑会议和三年前约翰内斯堡世界发展首脑会议的第一步。

【考研】In the 2006 film version of The Devil Wears Prada, miranda Priestly, played by Meryl Streep, scolds her unattractive assistant for imagining that high fashion doesn't affect her.

在2006年的电影版《穿普拉达的魔鬼》中,梅丽尔·斯特里普扮演的米兰达·普里斯特利指责她的助手认为高雅时尚不会影响她。

【六级】And on reflection, this is not surprising; the single word environment has so many dimensions, and there are so many other factors affecting wealth—such as the oil deposits—that teasing out a simple economy-environment relationship would be almost impossible.

反省一下,这并不奇怪;单词环境有如此多的维度,还有如此多的其他因素影响着财富,比如石油储量,因此挑出一个简单的经济-环境关系几乎是不可能的。

【考研】This may not only do damage to your relationship with your child but also affect your child's self-esteem.

这不仅会损害你与孩子的关系,还会影响孩子的自尊。

【考研】If people in the network just two degrees removed from the initial influential prove resistant,for example from the initial influential prove resistant,for example the cascade of change won’t propagate very far or affect many people.

如果网络中的人与最初的有影响力的人仅相差两度,比如说,与最初的有影响力的人相比,比如说,这一连串的变化不会传播太远,也不会影响很多人。

【四级】We validated these expectations in a study in which two other psychologists and I monitored 373 students for two years during the transition to junior high school, when the work gets more difficult and the grading -102- more strict, to determine how their mind-sets might affect their math grades.

我们在一项研究中验证了这些期望。在这项研究中,我和另外两位心理学家对373名学生进行了为期两年的监控,在他们进入初中的过程中,学习变得更加困难,102级的成绩也变得更加严格,以确定他们的思维定势可能会如何影响他们的数学成绩。

【高考】Wherever human light spills into the natural world, some aspect or life is affected.

只要人类的光进入自然世界,就会影响某些方面或生命。

【高考】It was a change that took place without being noticed though it was of the extreme importance, a spiritual change which affected the whole state.

这是一个没有被注意到的变化,尽管它非常重要,一个影响整个国家的精神变化。

【考研】In effect, fewer federal funds today are going towards the agency's other work—such as forest conservation, watershed and cultural resources management, and infrastructure upkeep—that affect the lives of all Americans.

事实上,如今越来越少的联邦资金用于该机构的其他工作,如森林保护、流域和文化资源管理以及影响所有美国人生活的基础设施维护。

【六级】This description of roller-skatingxa0illustrates the three components of an attitude: affect, cognition, and behavior.

对Roll-SkatingXa0的描述说明了态度的三个组成部分:情感、认知和行为。

【高考】How are cafes affected by French lifestyle changes?

法国生活方式的改变对咖啡馆有何影响?

【考研】Previous studies on CSR have had trouble differentiating these effects because consumers can be affected by all three.

以前关于企业社会责任的研究很难区分这些影响,因为消费者可能会受到这三种影响。

【六级】Newsweek ranked 165 countries, looking at five areas that affect women's lives; treatment under the law, workforce participation, political power, and access to education and health care

《新闻周刊》对165个国家进行了排名,考察了影响妇女生活的五个方面;法律规定的待遇、劳动力参与、政治权力以及获得教育和医疗的机会

【考研】Such a move could affect firms such as McDonald's, which sponsors the youth coaching scheme run by the Football Association.

这一举措可能会影响到麦当劳等公司,后者赞助了由足球协会运营的青年教练计划。

【六级】However, placing too much emphasis on being a good team player can negatively affect your career growth.

然而,过分强调团队合作会对你的职业发展产生负面影响。

【四级】It mix all the decisions that affect the school,including rules, the timetable and accepting or rejecting new students and teachers

它混合了影响学校的所有决定,包括规则、时间表以及接受或拒绝新生和老师

【六级】migrating birds affect ecosystems both at home and at their winter destinations, and disrupting the traditional routes could have unexpected side effects.

候鸟影响着家里和冬季目的地的生态系统,扰乱传统路线可能会产生意想不到的副作用。

【六级】the proposed reforms will affect too many people's interests

拟议的改革将影响太多人的利益

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