affected
英音 [əˈfektɪd]   美音 [əˈfektɪd]  
GRE/TOEFL
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
adj.受到影响的;做作的;假装的
vt.影响;假装;使…感动(affect的过去式和过去分词)
怎么记 纠错 +补充
受感动的;假装的(affect影响+ed→被影响的→被感动的)[fac,fact,fect,fic,fig=make,do,表示"做,制作"]
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a.受感动的;假装的(affect影响+ed→被影响的→被感动的)[fac,fact,fect,fic,fig=make,do,表示"做,制作"]
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adj 感动的(感情上受到冲击的);(行为)不自然的;(为了给人深刻印象)假装的=assumed
【例】Her manners are affected 她的态度不自然。
【记】受到好的affect影响就充满爱affection,受到不好的影响affect就学会假装affected
【类】disaffected:contentment=dubious:commitment 不满足的不会满意=怀疑的不会承诺 officious:meddle=disaffected:rebel爱管闲事的喜欢干涉=不满的喜欢反叛posturer:unaffected=bigot:tolerant装腔作势的人不是不矫揉造作的=顽固的人不是宽容的
【反】natural(adj 自然的);ingenue(adj 天真无邪的)disaffected(adj 不满的)-content=contented(adj 满足的)"
拓展记忆
affected a 受感动的,假装的(affect 影响+ed=被影响的=被感动的)
fac,fact,fect,fic,fig=make,do,表示”做,制作”
facile a 容易做的(fac+ile能…的)
facilitate v 使容易(fac+ilitale能够=使能够做=使容易)
facility n 便利,便利设备(容易让人做事)
factor n 要素,动力(fact+or=促使人做的东西=要素,动力)
benefactor n 捐助者,恩人(bene好+fact+or=做好事的人)
benefaction n 善事,恩惠(bene好+fact+ion)
malefaction n 罪恶,犯罪(male坏+fact+ion)
facsimile n 复写,传真(fac+simile相同=做出相同的东西=传真)
faction n 宗派,小集团(fact+ion=[一帮人]做=小集团)
factious a 搞派别的(faction的形容词)
factitious a 人为的,不自然的(fact +itious…的=做出来的,不自然的)
manufacture a 制造(业)(manu手+fact+ure=手做=制造业(机器发明前用手做)) 前用
的手做))
affect v 影响,感动(af使+fect=使人做=影响)
affected a 受感动的,假装的(affect 影响+ed=被影响的=被感动的)
affection n 感情,友情(affect+ion=感动=感情)
affectation n 假装(affect+ation=做出的感动=假装)
affectionate a 充满感情的(affection 感情+ate)
affective a 令人感动的( affect感动+ive表示主动的形容词=令人感动的)
confection n 糖果(con共同+fect+ion=混在一起=糖果)
confectionery n 糖果店(confection糖果+ery=糖果店)
defect n 缺点,缺陷,变节(de坏+fect=做坏了=缺陷)
defection n 叛党,变节(de坏+fect=做坏事=叛党)
disaffect a 使…感情疏远,不满(dis分开+affect感情=感情分开=疏远)
disaffected a 不满的,背离的(disaffect+ed)
effect v 实施,生效,效果(ef出+fect=做出来=生效,效果)
effective v 有效的(effect +ive)
effectuate v 使…有效(effect+uate表示动词)
infect v 传染,感化(in进入+fact=做进去=传染进去)
infection n 传染,感化(infect+ion)
infectious a 传染性的(infect+ious)
perfect a 完美的,完全的(per全部+fect=全部做完=完美的)
perfection n 完全,完美(perfect+ion)
sacrifice v 牺牲n. 牺牲品(sacri神圣+fice=为神做的东西=牺牲品)
efficacy n 功效,功能(ef出+fic+acy=做出来的结果=功效)
efficacious a 有效应的(efficacy.y 变成i,再加ous)
efficient a (做事)有效的(ef出+fic+ent=能做出事来=有效率的)
proficient a 精通的,熟练的(pro前+fic+ient=以前做过=熟练的)
proficiency n 精通,熟练(pro+fic+inecy)
suffice v 使满足,充足(suf在下面+fice=在下面先做好=充足)
sufficient a 足够的,充分的(suffice+inet)
profit n 利润,利益(pro前+fit[=fict]=先做的好处=利益)
profitable a 有利润的(profit+able)
fiction n 虚构,小说(fict+ion=做出的故事=小说)
fictitious a 虚构的(fict+itious)
feat n 功绩,事业(feat=fact做大事=功绩)
feature n 面貌,特征(feat+ure=做事的状态=做事特征)
feasible a 可行的,可能的(feas做+ible=能够做的=可行的)
malfeasance n 不法行为(mal坏+feas+ance=做坏事)
defeat v 打败,摧毁(de向下+feat=做下去=打下去)
defeatism n 失败主义(defeat +ism)
figment n 虚构的事物(fig+ment=做出的东西=虚构)
figure n 形象,人物(fig+ure =做出的状态=形象)
transfigure v 使变形,使改观(trans改变+figure形状)
configuration n 结构,形状,配置(con共同+figure形象+ion=形象放在一起=总结构)
fashion n 时髦,风气(fash[=fac 做]+ion=做出的东西=时髦)
fashionable a 时髦的,流行的(fashion+able)
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【四级】We wanted to know if the length of time food is in contact with a contaminated surface affected the rate of transfer of bacteria to the food.

我们想知道食物与污染表面接触的时间长短是否会影响细菌向食物的转移速度。

【六级】Women's working time is influenced by the number and age of their children, but men's working time is not affected by these factors.

妇女的工作时间受其子女数量和年龄的影响,但男子的工作时间不受这些因素的影响。

【四级】Marine life may be affected too: El niños can reduce the rising of the cold, nutrient-rich water that supports large fish 35 populations, and the unusually warm ocean temperatures can destroy coral.

海洋生物也可能受到影响:厄尔尼诺现象可以减少支持大型鱼类种群的寒冷、营养丰富的海水的上升,而异常温暖的海洋温度可以破坏珊瑚。

【六级】Even for those most acutely affected – say, low-skilled workers, or California residents – the impact isn't all that dramatic.

即使对那些受影响最严重的人——比如低技能工人或加州居民——影响也不那么显著。

【六级】What does the speaker seem to believe about those affected by alcoholism

演讲者似乎对那些受酒精中毒影响的人有什么看法

【四级】Improve the welfare of affected workers.

改善受影响工人的福利。

【六级】It has affected house owners more than stock holders.

它对房主的影响大于股东。

【考研】For a social epidemic to occur, however, each person so affected must then influence his or her own acquaintances, who must in turn influence theirs, and so on: and just how many others pay attention to each of these people has little to do with the initi

然而,对于一种社会流行病的发生,每个受影响的人都必须影响他或她自己的熟人,而熟人又必须反过来影响他们的熟人,依此类推:而究竟有多少其他人关注这些人,与最初的情况几乎无关

【四级】Residents' hearts and lungs are affected as a consequence.

居民的心脏和肺因此受到影响。

【高考】How are cafes affected by French lifestyle changes?

法国生活方式的改变对咖啡馆有何影响?

【六级】Here's where there needs to be a much wider public conversation that extends beyond government agencies and scientific communities to include students, hobbyists, and anyone who may potentially stand to be affected by the use of CubeSat technology.

在这里,需要进行更广泛的公众对话,超越政府机构和科学界,包括学生、业余爱好者和任何可能受到CubeSat技术使用影响的人。

【高考】It was a change that took place without being noticed though it was of the extreme importance, a spiritual change which affected the whole state.

这是一个没有被注意到的变化,尽管它非常重要,一个影响整个国家的精神变化。

【四级】Along with the deaths, the report said that the lives of 325 million people, primarily in poor countries, were being seriously affected by climate change.

报告说,除了死亡人数外,气候变化还严重影响着3.25亿人的生活,这些人主要生活在穷国。

【四级】The researchers examined how the onset of four serious physical illnesses affected marriages.

研究人员调查了四种严重身体疾病的发病对婚姻的影响。

【四级】it seriously affected family relationships

这严重影响了家庭关系

【高考】These actions have greatly affected the ecological balance.

这些行动极大地影响了生态平衡。

【高考】They are affected by certain body chemicals.

它们受到某些人体化学物质的影响。

【四级】What did Steve Jobs do that most deeply affected people's way of life?

史蒂夫·乔布斯做了什么对人们的生活方式影响最大?

【考研】It hoped they would learn how shop-floor lighting affected workers'productivity.

它希望他们能了解车间照明如何影响工人的生产力。

【六级】The company had previously announced the planned closures, but had not said which locations would be affected.

该公司此前已宣布了计划中的关闭,但没有说哪些地点将受到影响。

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