around
英音 [əˈraʊnd]   美音 [əˈraʊnd]  
高中/CET4/CET6
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
adv.在四周;朝对立面;到处;漫无目的地;在附近;大约;围绕;以圆周计算;现有;转弯
prep.围绕;在那边;绕着;同……一致;到处;以(已提及物)为中心;迂回
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【词根】a 表示加强意义+round(圆的)→在……周围
【串记】
The boundary around the round ground separates us from the surroundings.
围绕着圆形场地的边界将我们同四周隔开.
【词组】
go around 四处走走
单词例句
Please show me around.
请带我四处看看。
There's a bank around here.
这附近有一家银行。
If everyone around you has similar views, your work will suffer from confirmation bias.
如果你周围的每个人都有相似的观点,你的工作就会受到确认偏见的影响。
I carried around a book.
我随身带着一本书。
辨析记忆
about / around / round
这些词均有“在周围、在附近”之意。
about → 既可表静态,也可表动态。
around → 主要用于美国,静态或动态均可。
round → 主要用于英国,多半指动态。
almost / nearly / about / approximately / around / roughly
这些副词均有“大约,差不多”之意。
almost → 指在程度上相差很小,差不多。
nearly与almost含义基本相同,侧重指数量、时间或空间上的接近。
about → 常可分almost和nearly换用,但about用于表示时间、数量的“大约”时,实际数量可能多也可能少。
approximately → 多用于书面语,指精确度接近某个标准以致误差可忽略不计。
around → 多用于非正式场合,常见于美国英语。
roughly → 指按精略估计,常代替about。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【高考】Many of the things we now benefit from would not be around but for thomas edison.

如果没有托马斯·爱迪生,我们现在从中受益的许多东西都不会存在。

【六级】Some passengers enjoy the animals so much that they call the airport to schedule flights around their visits.

一些乘客非常喜欢这些动物,以至于他们打电话到机场为他们的行程安排航班。

【六级】Those involved in the clinical trails on average ate 3.3 servings of pasta a week instead of other carbohydrates, one serving equaling around half a cup.

参与临床试验的人平均每周吃3.3份意大利面,而不是其他碳水化合物,一份相当于半杯左右。

【高考】Researchers from georgia tech say that they have come up with a low-cost device装置that gets around this problem: a smart keyboard.

乔治亚理工学院的研究人员说,他们已经发明了一种低成本的设备装置这就解决了这个问题:智能键盘。

【高考】You can fool everyone else, but you cannot "fool the chickens," because in the end, you will find out, as the saying goes, "What goes around comes around."

你可以愚弄其他人,但你不能“愚弄小鸡”,因为最终,你会发现,正如俗话所说,“什么事会发生。”

【六级】"If you look at a lot of low-income communities in the United States, there are programs that are serving them, but they're primarily centered around ‘Let's get these kids' grades up,' and not around ‘Let's get these kids access to the same kinds of oppor

“如果你看看美国的许多低收入社区,有一些项目是为他们服务的,但它们主要围绕‘让我们让这些孩子的成绩提高’,而不是‘让这些孩子获得同样的机会’

【考研】Archaeologists commonly use computers to map sites and the landscapes around sites.

考古学家通常使用计算机绘制遗址和遗址周围景观的地图。

【高考】It's not easy to carry around, especially when boxed inside a massive skull.

它不容易随身携带,尤其是当它被装在一个巨大的头骨里时。

【高考】The study suggests that the cultures we grow up in influence the basic processes by which we see world around us.

这项研究表明,我们成长的文化影响着我们观察周围世界的基本过程。

【六级】Well, we'd been led to believe that we would encounter a good proportion of this older, thicker, technically multi-year ice that's been around for a few years and just gets thicker and thicker.

好吧,我们被引导去相信,我们会遇到一个很好的比例,这种更老,更厚,技术上多年的冰,已经存在了几年,只是变得越来越厚。

【考研】For H&M to offer a $5.95 knit miniskirt in all its 2,300 -plus stores around the world, it must rely on low-wage overseas labor, order in volumes that strain natural resources, and use massive amounts of harmful chemicals.

H&M要想在全球2300多家门店推出一款售价5.95美元的针织迷你裙,就必须依靠低工资的海外劳动力,大量订购自然资源,并使用大量有害化学物质。

【四级】If everyone around you has similar views, your work will suffer from confirmation bias ( ' , 偏颇 ).

如果你周围的每个人都有相似的观点,那么你的工作就会受到确认偏见的影响(',偏颇 ).

【四级】Around 9 in 10 people in low- and middle-income countries live in places where they regularly experience dangerous levels of outdoor air pollution.

低收入和中等收入国家约有十分之九的人生活在他们经常经历危险程度的室外空气污染的地方。

【四级】That means there's little money around for investment that would make cities liveable and more productive.

这意味着几乎没有钱用于投资,使城市更宜居,更具生产力。

【考研】While the conversation around our environment and our responsibility toward it remains centered on shopping hags and straws, we're ignoring the balance of power that implies that as "consumers" we must shop sustainably, rather than as "citizens" hole our

虽然围绕我们的环境和我们对环境的责任的讨论仍然集中在购物女巫和吸管上,但我们忽视了权力平衡,这意味着作为“消费者”我们必须可持续地购物,而不是作为“公民”来购物

【高考】So I carried around a book, and each night, just to be like her, I would pretend to be reading.

所以我随身带着一本书,每天晚上,为了像她一样,我会假装在读书。

【四级】In fact, we seemed to be out all the time! I don’t really remember working— of course, I was a student—or sitting around at home very much.

事实上,我们似乎一直都在外面!我真的不记得工作了——当然,我是个学生或者经常坐在家里。

【六级】It is the means to intervene more wisely, and more effectively in the real world, to improve the well-being, not only of yourself—important as that may be—but of people around you and of other species with whom we share the planet.

这是一种更明智、更有效地干预现实世界的手段,以改善幸福感,不仅是你自己的幸福感,也包括你周围的人和我们共享地球的其他物种的幸福感。

【高考】Boy, news travels fast around here! I only got the orders a couple of hours ago.

天哪,这里的消息传得真快!我几个小时前才收到订单。

【四级】The food-as-medicine movement has been around for decades, but it's making progress as physicians and medical institutions make food a formal part of treatment, rather than relying solely on medications.

作为药物的食品运动已经存在了几十年,但它正在取得进展,因为医生和医疗机构将食品作为治疗的正式组成部分,而不是仅仅依靠药物。

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