assume
英音 [əˈsjuːm]   美音 [əˈsuːm]  
高中/CET4/CET6/考研/GRE/TOEFL/IELTS
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
vi.设想;承担;采取
vt.假定;僭取;篡夺;夺取;擅用;侵占
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【词根】as(当作、像……那样)+sume(拿住)→当作拿住了→assume 假设、设想
【谐音】a(一个)+ssume(朽木)→一个朽木→把一个朽木当作好木头→ 假设、设想
【串记】
The perfume consumer presumably assumes that the volume is resumed.
香水消费者假定地设想音量已恢复.
单词例句
I assume you always get up at the same time.
我想你总在一个时间起床。
We assume that a large brain makes huge advantages.
我们认为大脑大会带来巨大的优势。
And the ice sheet was assumed to have been stable.
假设冰盖是稳定的。
拓展记忆
assume a 承担,假装,假定(as加强动作+sum+e=拿往=承担[责任])
sum, sumpt = take 表示”拿,取”
consume v 消费,吃光(con全部+sum+c=全部拿光=消费)
consumer n 消费者(consume消费+er人)
consuming a 消耗性的
assume a 承担,假装,假定(as加强动作+sum+e=拿往=承担[责任])
assumption n 假设,承担(as+sumpt+ion)
resume v 拿回,恢复(自由等)(re回+sun+e=拿回去,也可解释为重新拿起,继续)
reassume v 取回,再担任(re再+assume承担)
presume v 假定,自以为是(pre预先+sum+e=预先拿往=假定)
presumption n 假定,专横(pre+sumpt+ion)
sumptuous a 奢侈的(sumpt+uous=[把钱]拿出去=奢侈的)
辨析记忆
assume / presume / suppose / guess / postulate
这些动词均含为“假设,猜想,推测”之意。
assume → 指有很少或完全无根据的武断推测或不合逻辑的推理。
presume → 侧重以过去经验或根据现实的某些感觉把某事认定为是事实。
suppose → 常用词,意义较广泛,指缺乏确切事实,根据一些现象进行的推测,也可指为论证而提出合乎逻辑推理的某种假定,有时仅表示自己的意见。
guess → 常用词,指毫无根据仅凭个人主观臆断或碰运气的猜测。
postulate → 指为证实一个理论的正确性而进行的假设。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【考研】It assumes, falsely, I think, that the economic parts of the biotic clock will function without the uneconomic parts.

我认为,它错误地假设,生物钟的经济部分将在没有不经济部分的情况下发挥作用。

【六级】And the ice sheet was assumed to have been stable.

假设冰盖是稳定的。

【四级】The man in the Google vehicle reported that he assumed the bus would slow down to let the car out, and so he did not switch to the manual mode.

谷歌车上的那个人报告说,他以为巴士会减速让车出来,所以他没有切换到手动模式。

【考研】In the past couple of weeks a quarrel has illustrated the value to advertisers of such fine-grained information: Should advertises assume that people are happy to be tracked and sent behavioural ads?

在过去的几周里,一场争吵说明了这种细粒度信息对广告商的价值:广告是否应该假定人们乐于被跟踪和发送行为广告?

【考研】Dr Kroo and his team modeled what would happen if three passenger jets departing from Los Angeles San Francisco and Las Vegas were to assemble over Utah,assume an inverted V-formation, occasionally change places so all could have a turn in the most favour

Kroo博士和他的团队模拟了如果从洛杉矶旧金山和拉斯维加斯出发的三架喷气式飞机在犹他上空集合,假设一个倒置的V形阵形,偶尔会发生变化,所以所有人都可以有一个最有利的转变。

【考研】Indeed, while you might assume that an exhibition of Land Art would consist only of records of works rather than the works themselves, Long's photograph of his work is the work.

事实上,虽然你可能会认为一个土地艺术展览只包括作品的记录,而不是作品本身,但龙的作品照片就是作品。

【四级】In contrast," the researchers continue, "many regulations that don't assume people make rational choices have been successfully applied to control alcohol, a substance — like food — of which immoderate consumption leads to serious health problems.

相反,“研究人员继续说,”许多不假设人们做出理性选择的规定已经成功地应用于控制酒精,一种类似食物的物质,过度消费会导致严重的健康问题。

【四级】I assume you've got big plans then.

我想你那时已经有大计划了。

【四级】I am about to make things more complicated by suggesting that what kind of facility an older person lives in may matter less than we have assumed.

我想让事情变得更复杂,因为我建议老年人居住的设施可能比我们想象的要重要。

【六级】In schools, teachers and pupils alike often assume that if a concept has been easy to learn, then the lesson has been successful.

在学校里,老师和学生都经常认为,如果一个概念很容易学习,那么这个课程就是成功的。

【高考】We assume that a large brain makes huge advantages.

我们认为大脑大会带来巨大的优势。

【考研】You might even be tempted to assume that humanity has little future to look forward to.

你甚至可能会认为人类没有什么可期待的未来。

【高考】We all assumed there would be one in the flat when we moved in, because that's what we read from the advertisement in the newspaper.

我们都以为我们搬进来时公寓里会有一个,因为我们从报纸上的广告中看到了这一点。

【高考】Eyeing these headwinds, plastic-bag makers are hiring scientists like stein to make the case that their products are not as bad for the planet as most people assume.

考虑到这些不利因素,塑料袋制造商正在聘请像斯坦这样的科学家来证明他们的产品并不像大多数人想象的那样对地球有害。

【高考】In art criticism, you must assume the artist has a secret message hidden within the work.

在艺术批评中,你必须假设艺术家在作品中隐藏着一个秘密信息。

【四级】As long as you don't mind continuing to work, assuming your health allows, you should be OK.

只要你不介意继续工作,假设你的健康状况允许,你应该没事。

【四级】The biggest problem is that couples assume each other know what's going on with their finances, but they don't.

最大的问题是,夫妻双方都认为对方知道他们的财务状况,但他们不知道。

【六级】Another question invites them to write about the importance (to them, agai of diversity―a word that has assumed magic power in American higher education.

另一个问题请他们写下多样性的重要性(对他们来说,这是一个在美国高等教育中具有魔力的词)。

【六级】Assuming that your teacher is neither biased nor corrupt and that her system conforms to school rules, you can't fault her ethics.

假设你的老师既没有偏见也没有腐败,而且她的制度符合学校规定,你就不能指责她的道德。

【四级】I am not a mathematician, but I assume the rise from 70p to 90p is a rise of 25 percent.

我不是数学家,但我假设从70便士到90便士的升幅是25%。

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