astronaut
英音 [ˈæstrənɔːt]   美音 [ˈæstrənɔːt]  
高中/CET4/CET6
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
n.宇航员,航天员;太空旅行者
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【词根】astro(天空)+naut[nav,naus,naut=ship表示"船",naut引申为"海员"]→宇航员
【联想】一位(a)+强壮(stron-strong)的+阿姨(aut-aunt)去当宇宙飞行员→astronaut n.宇航员,航天员
【对比】
astrology 占星学,占星术
astronaut 宇航员
astronomy 天文学
astrophysics 天体物理学
astrospace 宇宙空间
单词例句
For instance, astronauts lose bone mass.
例如,宇航员会失去骨量。
You can end up with what astronauts call a carbon-dioxide headache.
你最终可能会患上宇航员所说的二氧化碳头痛。
An astronaut took it from space.
一个宇航员从太空拍摄的。
拓展记忆
astronaut n 宇航员(astro天空+naut船员)
nav,naus, naut= ship, 表示”船”, naut引申为”海员”
navy n 海军(nav+y)
naval a 船的,海军的(nav+al)
navigate v 驾驶,航海(nav+ig走+ate=船走=航海)
circumnavigate v 环球航行(circum环+navigate航行)
hydronaut n 深水潜艇驾驶员(hydro水+naut海,引申为船员)
astronaut n 宇航员(astro天空+naut船员)
astronautics n 宇航学(astronaut+ics)
nautical a 航海的,海员的(naut+ical=航海的)
nausea n 作呕,晕船(naus海+ea[=ia病]=海上的病=晕船,作呕)
nauseate v 使作呕(nausea+ate)
astronaut宇航员(astro+naut航行员)
astro,aster=star,表示”星星”
astrononmy天文学(astro+nomy学科=研究星星的学科)
astrospace宇宙空间(astro+space空间)
astronaut宇航员(astro+naut航行员)
astrophysics天体物理学(astro+physics物理学)
astral星的,星状的(astr+al)
disaster灾难,灾祸(dis坏+ester星=星位不正,表示有灾难)
disastrous灾难的(dis+astr+ous)
辨析记忆
astronaut / pilot
这两个名词者指驾驶飞行装置的人员。
astronaut → 指在外层空间(outer space)驾驶宇宙飞船、航天飞机等飞行装置的宇航员。
pilot → 指不进入外层空间的各类飞机的驾驶员。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【高考】You can end up with what astronauts call a carbon-dioxide headache.

你最终可能会患上宇航员所说的二氧化碳头痛。

【高考】The exercise bike for the American astronauts has no handlebars.

美国宇航员的健身车没有把手。

【高考】Bacteria are an annoying problem for astronauts.

细菌对宇航员来说是一个恼人的问题。

【六级】Although, over the years, Barbies had more than 180 different careers, including football coach, sign language teacher, ambassador, president and astronaut, her body shape hasn't changed much.

尽管这些年来,芭比娃娃有超过180种不同的职业,包括足球教练、手语老师、大使、总统和宇航员,但她的体型并没有太大变化。

【高考】One of the nasa's major concerns about astronauts is how they can remain healthy for long in space.

美国宇航局对宇航员的主要关注之一是他们如何在太空中长期保持健康。

【高考】They come to camp, wanting to know what it is like to be an astronaut or a pilot, and they leave with real-world applications for what they're studying in the classroom.

他们来到夏令营,想知道当宇航员或飞行员的感觉,然后带着真实世界的应用程序离开,在教室里学习。

【高考】Nasa is worried about two things: recovery time once astronauts return home, and, more importantly, how to maintain strength and fitness for the two and a half years or more that it would take to make a round-trip to mars.

Nasa担心两件事:宇航员回家后的恢复时间,更重要的是,如何在往返火星的两年半或更长时间内保持体力和健康。

【高考】For instance, astronauts lose bone mass.

例如,宇航员会失去骨量。

【高考】The astronauts will suffer from a carbon-dioxide headache when they exercise in one place for a long time.

宇航员长时间在一个地方锻炼时会患上二氧化碳头痛。

【高考】If you leave your arms out, they float free in zero gravity, often giving a sleeping astronaut the look of a funny ballet dancer.

如果你把手臂伸出来,它们会在零重力下自由漂浮,经常会让正在睡觉的宇航员看起来像一个滑稽的芭蕾舞演员。

【高考】The microorganisms from our bodies grow uncontrollably on surfaces of the international space station, so astronauts spend hours cleaning them up each week.

来自我们身体的微生物在国际空间站的表面无法控制地生长,因此宇航员每周花数小时清理它们。

【高考】Some astronauts feel sick on the station during the first few days because their brains receive contradictory messages.

一些宇航员在空间站的头几天感到恶心,因为他们的大脑接收到相互矛盾的信息。

【四级】It also slows down more as you move faster, which means astronauts (宇航员) someday may survive so long in space that they would return to an Earth of the distant future.

当你移动得更快时,它也会减慢速度,这意味着宇航员(宇航员) 有一天他们可能会在太空中存活很长时间,回到遥远的未来的地球。

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