against
英音 [əˈɡenst]   美音 [əˈɡenst]  
高中/CET4/CET6
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
prep.反对,违反;对……不利;紧靠,倚,碰撞;针对;预防,抵御;(体育比赛)对阵;以……为背景;参照,和……相比;(赌博)预计……的失败
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【词根】again(再一次)+st(站立)→又一次站起来(反对)→反对
【谐音】我干死他→发对他,要干死他
单词例句
He is against the plan.
他反对这项计划。
Are you for or against his idea?
你是赞成还是反对他的主意?
That's one argument against it.
这是反对它的一个理由。
拓展记忆
against 反对
gain =against (反对)
gainsay 否认
against 反对
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【考研】Bob Herz, the FASB’s chairman, cried out against those who “question our motives.

美国财务会计准则委员会(FASB)主席鲍勃·赫兹(Bob Herz)大声反对那些“质疑我们动机”的人。

【考研】The communities minister, Don Foster, has hinted that George Osborne, Chancellor of the Exchequer, may introduce more flexibility to the current cap on the amount that local authorities can borrow against their housing stock debt.

社区部长唐·福斯特(Don Foster)暗示,财政大臣乔治·奥斯本(George Osborne)可能会对地方当局可以从住房存量债务中借款的当前上限引入更大的灵活性。

【六级】We have no chance of competing against machines on frequent high-volume tasks, but there are things we can do that machines cannot.

我们没有机会在频繁的高容量任务上与机器竞争,但有些事情我们可以做,而机器却做不到。

【六级】a basis for explaining human genetic diversityan aid to understanding different populationsan explanation for social and cultural differencesa term to describe individual human characteristicsmodern genetics research is likely to fuel racial conflictsrace is a poorly defined marker of human genetic diversityrace as a biological term can explain human genetic diversitygenetics research should consider social and cultural variablesit is absolutely necessary to put race aside in making diagnosisit is important to include social variables in genetics researchracial categories for genetic diversity could lead to wrong clinical predictionsdiscrimination against black people may cause negligence in clinical treatmentThey be more precise with the language they use.

解释人类遗传多样性的基础有助于理解不同的人群解释社会和文化差异描述人类个体特征的术语现代遗传学研究可能助长种族冲突种族是人类遗传多样性的一个定义不清的标记种族作为一个生物学术语可以解释人类遗传多样性遗传学研究应考虑到社会和文化的差异,在诊断中必须将种族放在一边,在遗传学中包含社会变量是很重要的。研究遗传类别的遗传多样性可能导致错误的临床预测。临床治疗中的疏忽他们使用的语言更加精确。

【考研】The court's ruling is a step forward in the struggle against both corruption and official favoritism.

法院的裁决是在打击腐败和官员偏袒方面向前迈出的一步。

【六级】The commission's revised "Green Guides" warn against using labels that make broad claims, like "eco-friendly".

委员会的修订版“绿色指南”警告不要使用“环保”等广泛宣称的标签。

【考研】The court’s ruling is a step forward in the struggle against both corruption and official favoritism.

法院的裁决是在打击腐败和官员偏袒方面向前迈出的一步。

【六级】A handful of lawsuits have been filed in recent years against companies accused of using misleading environmental labels.

近几年来,针对被指控使用误导性环境标签的公司提起了一些诉讼。

【高考】It struck me that playing against the other team was a great learning moment for all the girls on the team.

让我吃惊的是,与另一支球队比赛对队里的所有女孩来说都是一个学习的好机会。

【考研】Michelle Obama has launched a high-visibility campaign against childhood obesity, even claiming that it represents our greatest national security threat.

米歇尔·奥巴马(Michelle Obama)发起了一场针对儿童肥胖的高知名度运动,甚至声称这是我们国家安全的最大威胁。

【六级】David Mallen, associate director of the Council of Better Business Bureau, said in the last two years the organization had seen an increase in the number of claims companies were bringing against each other for false or misleading environmental product claims.

更好的商业局理事会副主任大卫·马伦(David Mallen)表示,在过去两年中,该组织发现,因虚假或误导性环境产品索赔而相互起诉的公司数量有所增加。

【高考】There, sitting in the shade against its strong trunk, I read my books, ate my candy and drank my orange juice.

在那里,我靠着它结实的树干坐在树荫下看书,吃糖果,喝橙汁。

【考研】The FASB and IASB have been exactly that, cleaning up rules on stock options and pensions, for example, against hostility from special interests.

美国财务会计准则委员会和国际会计准则委员会正是如此,清理了股票期权和养老金方面的规则,以防止特殊利益集团的敌意。

【六级】Morgan's comments on outsourcing mark the second time this month that he has come out against one of Haslam's plans for higher education in Tennessee.

摩根关于外包的评论标志着他本月第二次公开反对哈斯拉姆在田纳西州的高等教育计划。

【四级】He is against technological progressHe feels reluctant to part with the traditional wallet.

他反对技术进步,他不愿意放弃传统的钱包。

【四级】Internet gamers spend countless hours competing in games against people from all over the world.

网络游戏玩家花费无数的时间在游戏中与来自世界各地的人竞争。

【考研】Critics make three main arguments against gene patents: a gene is a product of nature, so it may not be patented; gene patents suppress innovation rather than reward it; and patents'monopolies restrict access to genetic tests such as Myriad's.

批评家们对基因专利提出了三个主要论点:基因是自然的产物,所以它可能没有专利;基因专利抑制创新而不是奖励创新;专利的垄断限制了像Myriad这样的基因检测。

【四级】Leah reflects on one incident that triggered her fears, when her investors threatened to shut her down: I was probably up against the most fear I've ever had, she says.

Leah回忆了一次引发她担忧的事件,当时她的投资者威胁要关闭她:我可能遇到了我有史以来最担心的事情,她说。

【四级】a worldwide leader in electronics products, says that we compete against market transitions ( ' , 过渡), not competitors.

一位电子产品领域的全球领先者表示,我们要与市场转型竞争(“,过渡), 不是竞争对手。

【四级】Even so, relatively few young women 15% say they have been discriminated against at work because of their gender.

即便如此,相对较少的年轻女性(15%)表示她们在工作中因性别而受到歧视。

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