ask
英音 [ɑːsk]   美音 [æsk]  
高中/CET4/CET6
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
vt.问,询问;要求;需要;邀请;讨价
vi.问,询问;要求
n.(Ask)(芬、瑞典)阿斯克(人名)
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【谐音】爱死磕→打破砂锅问到底→询问、要求
【词组】
ask to do sth 要求做某事
ask sb to do sth 要求没人做某事
单词例句
May I ask a question.
我可以提一个问题吗?
Don't ask me why.
不要问我为什么。
I ask nothing of you.
我没什么要求你的。
辨析记忆
ask / beg / demand / require / request / implore / claim / pray / entreat
这些动词均有“要求,请求”之意。
ask → 最普通用词,指向对方提出要求或请求,长、晚辈,上下级之间都可使用。
beg → 指恳切地或再三地请求或要求,常含低三下四意味,也多用于应酬场合。
demand → 一般指理直气壮地提出强烈要求,或坚持不让对方拒绝的要求。
require → 强调根据事业、需要或纪律、法律等而提出的要求。
request → 正式用词,指非常正式,有礼貌的请求或恳求,多含担心因种种原因对方不能答应的意味。
implore → 书面用词,着重指迫切、焦急或痛苦地恳求或哀求,常含较强的感情色彩。
claim → 指有权或宣称有权得到而公开提出的要求。
pray → 语气庄重,指热情、诚恳和敬祈的要求,现不很常用。
entreat → 泛指一般“恳求或哀求”,含企图说服对方或用热烈的请求软化反对意见的意味。
ask / demand / inquire / question
这些动词均含有“问,询问”之意。
ask → 最普通用词,可与demand, inquire和question换用,但ask用于口语中,指提出问题让人回答。
demand → 指根据自己的权利、职责或身份认为有必要弄清情况而正式发问,常隐含命令对方回答的意味。
inquire → 较正式用词,指为得到真实情况而详细询问或调查了解。
question → 指因感到可疑或为了解情况,弄清究竟而发问,有时指一连串的发问。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【六级】The researchers asked fifth graders and college students to create a recovery plan to protect bald eagles from extinction.

研究人员要求五年级学生和大学生制定一个恢复计划,以保护秃鹰免遭灭绝。

【六级】Were big advocates of bodily autonomy and not forcing him to hug or kiss people unless he wants to, but it never occurred to me that I should ask his permission to post photos of him online.

他们都是身体自主的大倡导者,除非他愿意,否则不会强迫他拥抱或亲吻别人,但我从来没有想过我应该请求他允许我在网上发布他的照片。

【六级】Once armed with a method for gaining access to iPhones, the government could ask to use it proactively, before a suspected terrorist attack—leaving Apple in a bind as to whether to comply or risk an attack and suffer a public-relations nightmare.

一旦掌握了获取iPhone的方法,政府就可以要求主动使用它,以免一场可疑的恐怖袭击让苹果陷入到底是遵守还是冒着被袭击的风险的困境,并遭受一场公关噩梦。

【四级】However, organisations need to learn something bigger than how to manage teams better: they need to be in the habit of asking themselves whether teams are the best tools for the job.

然而,组织需要学习比如何更好地管理团队更重要的东西:他们需要习惯于问自己团队是否是工作的最佳工具。

【高考】You can talk to the robot, ask it questions, and make requests for it to perform different tasks.

你可以和机器人交谈,向它提问,并要求它执行不同的任务。

【高考】Dario's mother asked the building superintendent (管理员) if he knew anything about it.

达里奥的母亲问建筑管理员(管理员) 如果他知道的话。

【高考】Then, one day, the phone rang and Steve Tregear, the Coastguard of Cornwall, asked holder if he would like his dog bark.

后来,有一天,电话铃响了,康沃尔郡海岸警卫队史蒂夫·特雷吉问霍尔德是否愿意让他的狗吠叫。

【高考】It was also much more than we could afford, but far less than the original asking price.

这也超出了我们的承受能力,但远低于最初的要价。

【高考】Days later, we made an offer—far below the asking price.

几天后,我们的报价远远低于要价。

【高考】You find it whenever people ask how you're doing because they care, and not because they're getting paid to do so.

每当人们问你做得怎么样时,你都会发现这一点,因为他们关心你,而不是因为他们为此得到报酬。

【高考】In the store, I asked each of my kids to pick something they thought our "friend" there would appreciate.

在商店里,我让我的每个孩子挑选一些他们认为我们在那里的“朋友”会喜欢的东西。

【六级】If this is not happening today, we should ask why.

如果今天没有发生这种情况,我们应该问为什么。

【六级】For example, when asked whether they would buy a new smartphone this year, only 48 percent said yes – a six-point drop from 2015.

例如,当被问及今年是否会购买一部新智能手机时,只有48%的人表示愿意——比2015年下降了6个百分点。

【四级】Researchers from the University of Connecticut Health Center asked the residents a large number of questions about their quality of life, emotional well-being and social interaction, as well as about the quality of the facilities.

康涅狄格大学健康中心的研究人员向居民们询问了他们的生活质量、情绪健康和社会交往以及设施的质量问题。

【考研】Yet its report may well set back reform by obscuring the depth and breadth of the challenge that Congress asked it to illuminate.

然而,其报告可能会掩盖国会要求其阐明的挑战的深度和广度,从而阻碍改革。

【高考】We can do this in real life or ask questions about characters in stories.

我们可以在现实生活中这样做,也可以就故事中的人物提问。

【高考】There, he had to ask at some challenge different stores or restaurants before finding food.

在那里,在找到食物之前,他不得不询问不同的商店或餐馆。

【六级】Asking juicy questions appears to be a transferable skill for deepening collaborative inquiry into the science content found in exhibits.

提出有趣的问题似乎是深化对展品中科学内容的合作探究的一种可转移技能。

【高考】Tell the person you're sorry and explain that you have a million things to do and then ask if the two of you can talk at a different time.

告诉对方你很抱歉,并向他解释你有很多事情要做,然后询问你们是否可以在不同的时间交谈。

【六级】At the Exploratorium in San Francisco, we recently studied how learning to ask good questions can affect the quality of people's scientific inquiry.

在旧金山的科学探索博物馆,我们最近研究了如何学习问好问题会影响人们的科学探究的质量。

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