average
英音 [ˈævərɪdʒ]   美音 [ˈævərɪdʒ]  
高中/CET4/CET6/考研/TOEFL/IELTS
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
n.平均;平均数;(海损的)平均分担;平均水平;(按保单规定应付赔偿额的)降减
adj.平均(数)的;普通的;典型的;平庸的;中等的,适中的
v.算出……的平均数;将……平均分配;使……平衡;平均为,平均达到;呈中间色;(行情下跌时)买进更多的证券(或商品)以降低平均进价
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【词根】aver(every每个)+age(后缀)→平均的
【词组】
on (the) average 按平均值,平均来说,平均起来,一般说来;通常[亦作 on an average
above the average 在一般水平(或平均数)以上
an average of 平均有
average out at 平均是
average out to 平均达
be well(或 quite)up to the average 完全达到一般水平
below the average 在一般水平(或平均数)以下
strike(或 takean average算出平均数
average family income 家庭人均收入
average person 普通人
单词例句
She was just an average high school athlete.
她只是一个普通的高中运动员。
Unfortunately, the average full time employee in the world works 42 hours a week.
不幸的是,全世界的全职员工平均每周工作42小时。
If you average 4, 6 and 11,you get 7 .
如果你将4,6和11平均,你即得7。
What is the average temperature in her hometown?
她们家乡的平均气温是多少度?
辨析记忆
medium / median / average
这些形容词均含“中等的,平均的,适中的”之意。
medium → 指按照某种标准来说是适中或中等的。这种标准可以是通过仪器测量而来,也可能是凭经验而得出。
mediam → 指中间位置的,统计学上指处于中间位置的一个数的。
average → 通常用来形容优劣难分的平庸或折衷情况,也指理论上的平均标准。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【四级】The overthrown giants of Wall Street took the biggest knock, with average pay cuts of 38% and median bonuses of zero

被推翻的华尔街巨头遭受了最大的打击,平均工资削减38%,奖金中值为零

【四级】Average people probably sleep less than the rich.

一般人的睡眠可能比富人少。

【考研】Moreover, average overall margins are higher in wholesale than in retail; wholesale demand from the food service sector is growing quickly as more Europeans eat out more often; and changes in the competitive dynamics of this fragmented industry are at last making it feasible for wholesalers to consolidate.

此外,批发业务的平均总利润率高于零售业务;随着越来越多的欧洲人外出就餐,食品服务业的批发需求正在快速增长;而这一分散行业竞争动态的变化最终使批发商得以整合。

【六级】Take your average trade union member, chances are they will be politically motivated and be used to collective action— much like Erica Gregory.

以你的普通工会成员为例,他们很有可能出于政治动机,习惯于集体行动——就像埃里卡·格雷戈里(Erica Gregory)。

【四级】Although many of Hills dale's students came from wealthy households, by the late 1990 average test scores were sliding and it had earned the unaffectionate nickname (绰号) "Hills jail

尽管Hills dale的许多学生来自富裕家庭,但到了1990年底,平均考试成绩在下滑,因此获得了“无感情”的绰号(绰号) "希尔斯监狱

【六级】It should be solvable by average students with ease

这应该是普通学生容易解决的问题

【六级】No average person wants to figure out whether their favorite calendar software works with their fridge or whether their washing machine and tablet get along.

没有一个普通人想知道他们最喜欢的日历软件是否能与冰箱配合使用,或者他们的洗衣机和平板电脑是否合拍。

【六级】These less- stressed workers gained an average of 62 minutes per week of productivity.

这些压力较小的员工平均每周提高62分钟的工作效率。

【六级】The average budget for a "major" kitchen overhaul in 2006, calculates Remodeling magazine, was a staggering $54, 000; even a "minor" improvement cost on average$18, 000.

据《重塑》杂志报道,2006年“重大”厨房大修的平均预算是惊人的54000美元;即使是一个“小”的改进,平均也要花费18000美元。

【六级】Full-time employees who do have paid vacation days only use half of them on average.

有带薪假期的全职员工平均只使用其中的一半。

【四级】The results reveal that while Swedes were the tallest people in the world in 1914, Dutch men have risen from 12th place to claim top spot with an average height of 182.5cm.

调查结果显示,虽然瑞典人在1914年是世界上最高的人,但荷兰男性以182.5厘米的平均身高从第12位上升到了世界第一位。

【四级】The average international runway model has a body mass index BMI under 16—low enough to indicate starvation by the World Health Organization's standard.

根据世界卫生组织的标准,平均国际跑道模型的体重指数BMI低于16,足以表明饥饿。

【六级】Today, the average American spends 8.

今天,美国人平均花费8美元。

【六级】In return for an average of £44,000 of debt, students get an average of only 14 hours of lecture and tutorial time a week in Britain.

作为平均44000英镑债务的回报,英国学生每周平均只得到14小时的授课和辅导时间。

【六级】It can motivate average students.

它可以激励普通学生。

【四级】People have grown taller over the last century, with South Korean women shooting up by more than 20cm on average, and Iranian men gaining 16.5cm.

在过去的一个世纪里,人们长高了,韩国女性平均身高增加了20厘米,伊朗男性平均身高增加了16.5厘米。

【六级】The average Norwegian is better off than the average US citizen, but contributes about half as much to climate change.

普通挪威人的境况比普通美国公民好,但对气候变化的贡献约为普通美国公民的一半。

【六级】Relative poverty is generally considered to be a household income level which is below a given proportion of average family income.

相对贫困通常被认为是低于家庭平均收入一定比例的家庭收入水平。

【六级】Take your average trade union member, chances are they will be politically motivated and be used to collective action —much like Erica Gregory.

以你的普通工会成员为例,他们很有可能出于政治动机,习惯于集体行动——就像埃里卡·格雷戈里(Erica Gregory)。

【四级】Airbnb says hosts in San Francisco who rent out their homes do so for an average of 58 nights a year, making $ 9.3000.

Airbnb说,旧金山的房主每年出租58个晚上,赚9.3000美元。

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