abrupt
英音 [əˈbrʌpt]   美音 [əˈbrʌpt]  
高中/CET6/考研/GRE/TOEFL/IELTS
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
adj.生硬的;突然的;唐突的;陡峭的
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【词根】ab离开+rupt=断开=突然断开=abrupt突然的
单词例句
Excuse me for my abrupt question.
请原谅我这个唐突的问题。
My new alarm clock announced the abrupt arrival of morning.
我的新闹钟宣布着新的早晨的突然到来。
Different factors could have worked in concert to account for their abrupt disappearance.
多种不同因素一起导致了它们的突然消失。
拓展记忆
abrupt a 突然的(ab离开+rupt=断开=突然断开=突然的)
rupt=break, 表示”断裂”
rupture n 破裂,断绝(rupt+ure)
abrupt a 突然的(ab离开+rupt=断开=突然断开=突然的)
bankrupt a 破产的(bank柜台+rupt=柜台断了=破产了)
bankruptcy n 破产(bank+rupt+cy)
corrupt a 腐败的(cor全部+rupt断=全断了=腐败了)
corruption n 腐败(cor+rupt+ion)
disrupt v 分裂,瓦解(dis分开+rupt=分开断=分裂)
disruption n 分裂,瓦解(disrupt+ion)
erupt v 爆发,喷出(e出+rupt=断裂而喷出)
eruption n 爆发(erupt+ion)
interrupt v 打断(inter在…中间+rupt=在[讲话]中间打断)
interruption n 打断,插嘴(interrupt+ion)
辨析记忆
steep / abrupt / sheer
这些形容词均含“陡峭的,险峻的”之意。
steep → 指坡度向上逐渐增加的斜陡坡,强调险峻,暗示难于攀登。
abrupt → 着重指地形突然起伏,形成尖角状。
sheer → 指自始至终近于垂直的陡峭,不仅仅很难爬上去,甚至于不可能攀登。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【六级】Its sheer rock sides sweep up from a broad base until they cut off abruptly at the flat summit.

其陡峭的岩石面从宽阔的底部向上延伸,直到在平坦的山顶突然切断。

【六级】Then, abruptly, the cod population collapsed.

然后,鳕鱼数量突然下降。

【四级】Six months out, more people who had quit abruptly had stuck with it—more than one-fifth of them, compared to about one-seventh in the other group.

六个月后,更多突然戒烟的人坚持戒烟超过五分之一,而另一组约为七分之一。

【考研】Beethoven’s habit of increasing the volume with an extreme intensity and then abruptly following it with a sudden soft passage was only rarely used by composers before him.

贝多芬的习惯是以极大的力度增加音量,然后突然用一段突然柔和的乐段,在他之前的作曲家很少使用这种习惯。

【考研】The music is abrupt and seemingly disconnected, as in the last piano sonata.

音乐是突然的,似乎是断断续续的,就像最后一首钢琴奏鸣曲一样。

【四级】Regardless of your stated preference, if you're ready to quit, quitting abruptly is more effective, says Dr.

不管你的偏好如何,如果你已经准备好戒烟,那么突然戒烟会更有效。

【四级】By studying about 700 adult smokers, she found out that her mom quit the right way—by stopping abruptly and completely.

通过对700名成年吸烟者的研究,她发现她的母亲突然完全戒烟是正确的。

【四级】One had to quit abruptly on a given day, going from about a pack a day to zero.

一个人不得不在某一天突然戒烟,从每天一包到零。

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英语单词:abrupt
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