act
英音 [ækt]   美音 [ækt]  
高中/CET4/CET6
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
v.行动;表现;起作用;扮演(角色);担任;假装;代理
n.行为;假装;某种行为(或常规等);法令;判决书;会议记录;(戏剧等的)幕;表演;演出团体
abbr.活跃的 (active);演员 (actor);实际的 (actual)
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【词源】act 做来自词根ag, 做. -t, 过去分词后缀。
【拓展】
act v. 行动
active adj. 活跃的
acting adj. 代理的
activated adj. 被激活的
actor n. 男演员
actress n. 女演员
action n.行动
单词例句
Happiness is what we experience after an act.
幸福是我们在一个行为之后经历的。
I must act at once!
我必须立即行动!
You should act your age.
你该表现得成熟些。
拓展记忆
activity n 活动(act行动)
-ivity表名词,由-ive+ity组成,”有…能力或特性”
productivity n 生产力(product生产)
resistivity n 抵抗力(resist抵抗)
activity n 活动(act行动)
conductivity n 传导性(conduct导电等)
creativity n 创造力(create创造)
selectivity n 选择性(select选择)
acclivity n 上坡(ac+cliv倾斜)
declivity n 下坡(de向下+cliv倾斜)
actress n 女演员(actor演员)
-ress
(1)表名词,指”女性”
heiress n 女继承人(heit继承人)
seamstress n 女裁缝(seamster裁缝,seam衣服上的缝)
waitress n 女服务员(waiter服务员)
actress n 女演员(actor演员)
(2)表名词,指”物品”
fortress n 堡垒(fort城堡)
mattress n 床垫(mat垫子)
buttress n 扶墙(butt树桩,把柄)
act 行为
act=to do, to drive,表示”行动,做”
act 行为
acting演技
activity活动(act+ivity状态=活动状态)
activate使…活动,起动(act+ivate使…=使…活动)
actualize实现(actual实际的+ize化=实际化=实现)
enact实施,颁布(en+act=使(法律)动=实施法律)
exact强求,精确的(ex出+act=[要求]做出来=强求)
exacting苛求的(exact+ing)
interact相互作用(inter相互+act=相互动=相互作用)
react反应,反抗(re反+act=反动,反应)
transact做交易,办理(trans横+act=横向动=互相贸易或交易)
counteract抵抗,抵消(counter反+act=反着动=力量对抗=抵消)
inactivity不活跃(in不+activity活跃)
辨析记忆
act / action / deed / operation / performance
这些名词均含“行为、行动”之意。
act → 一般指具体的、短暂的或个别的行为,强调行为的完成及其效果。
action → 普通用词,着重行动的过程。
deed → 较庄重用词,除泛指各种行为外,还可用于指某种高尚或伟大的行为,故常译作“功绩,业绩”。
operation → 多指一连串行动或行为的完成方式。
performance → 主要指行动的方式方法。
law / constitution / regulation / code / rule / act
这些名词均有“法同,法规”
law → 普通用词,泛指由最高当局所制订、立法机构所通过的任何成文或不成文的法规或条例。
constitution → 指治理国家或国家在处理内外政务时所遵循的基本法律和原则;也指规章规则的汇集。
regulation → 普通用词,指用于管理、指导或控制某系统或组织的规则、规定或原则等。
code → 指某一阶层或社会所遵守的一整套法典、法规或法则;也可指与某一特殊活动或主题有关的规则。
rule → 通常指机关、团体的规章、条例或比赛规则;也指对人行为、方法等所作的规定,还可指习俗所承认的规定。
act → 指经立法机构通过并由行政管理签署的法案。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【六级】Moreover, nonparticipation by nations, if sufficiently widespread, can undermine the political will of participating countries to act.

此外,各国的不参与如果足够广泛,可能会破坏参与国采取行动的政治意愿。

【考研】Because most of us believe that mind is separate from matter, we think that thoughts can be hidden and made powerless; this allows us to think one way and act another.

因为我们大多数人都相信思想与物质是分离的,所以我们认为思想可以被隐藏起来,变得无能为力;这让我们能够以一种方式思考,以另一种方式行动。

【四级】They are already on California roads, so it is not too soon to ask whether we can program a machine to act ethically.

他们已经在加利福尼亚州的公路上了,所以现在问我们是否可以为一台机器编程,使其行为合乎道德还为时过早。

【考研】For earned media, such marketers act as the initiator for users' responses.

对于赚来的媒体,这些营销人员充当用户反应的发起人。

【考研】within the complex social structure of the scientific community, researchers make discoveries; editors and reviewers act as gatekeepers by controlling the publication process; other scientists use the new finding to suit their own purposes; and finally, t

在科学界复杂的社会结构中,研究人员做出了发现;编辑和审稿人通过控制出版过程充当看门人;其他科学家利用这一新发现来满足自己的目的;最后,t

【四级】When someone commits a criminal act, we always hope the punishment will match the offense.

当有人犯罪时,我们总是希望惩罚能与罪行相匹配。

【四级】Shouting or acting rude will get you nowhere.

大喊大叫或表现粗鲁对你毫无帮助。

【高考】He also won praise from social media users after Mr.Anderson posted about the act of kindness on Facebook.

安德森先生在Facebook上发布了关于善举的消息后,他也赢得了社交媒体用户的赞扬。

【六级】The impolite act violates the basic rules of etiquette.

这种不礼貌的行为违反了基本的礼仪规则。

【考研】The only major objection came from Justice Antonin Scalia,who offered an even more robust defense of state privileges going back to the alien and Sedition Acts.

唯一的主要反对意见来自法官安东宁·斯卡利亚,他为《外国人和煽动叛乱法》的国家特权提供了更有力的辩护。

【高考】According to the code, visitors should act with care and respect.

根据守则,游客应谨慎行事,尊重他人。

【考研】A recent study attempts to separate them by looking at bribery prosecutions under America's Foreign Corrupt Practices Act.

最近的一项研究试图通过观察美国《反海外腐败法》下的贿赂起诉来区分它们。

【考研】The IASB says it does not want to act without overall planning, but the pressure to fold when it completes its reconstruction of rules later this year is strong.

国际会计准则理事会表示,它不想在没有总体规划的情况下采取行动,但当它在今年晚些时候完成规则重建时,要求放弃的压力很大。

【高考】When he was writing his novels, Charles Dickens would act out the parts of the characters, he'd make faces in the mirror, and change his voice for each character.

当查尔斯·狄更斯写小说时,他会表演角色的各个部分,在镜子里做鬼脸,并为每个角色改变声音。

【高考】Kunqu society, the classical Chinese theater which combines singing, dancing and acting to literary works by masters of Ming and Qing dynasties, performing introduces four signature plays of Kunqu master Jiqing Zhang to American audiences.

昆曲协会是一家集唱歌、跳舞和表演于一体的中国古典剧院,它将明清大师的文学作品与昆曲表演结合起来,向美国观众介绍了昆曲大师张继清的四部经典戏剧。

【高考】Think twice before we act.

行动前要三思。

【高考】We both passionate about acting, which comes from us being so interested in people.

我们都热衷于表演,这是因为我们对人如此感兴趣。

【四级】As the world's food security falls to pieces, individual countries acting in their own self-interest are actually worsening the troubles of many.

随着世界粮食安全的崩溃,个别国家为了自身利益而采取的行动实际上正在加剧许多国家的麻烦。

【高考】This example should act as an inspiration for all cities.

这个例子应该对所有城市起到启发作用。

【高考】Sometimes I act as a listening ear for fellow students to talk over what is bothering them.

有时,我充当一个倾听的耳朵,让同学们讨论困扰他们的问题。

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