adjust
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高中/CET4/CET6/考研/GRE/TOEFL/IELTS
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
vt.调整,使…适合;校准
vi.调整,校准;适应
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【词根】ad(to)+just(正,恰好)(使刚刚好)→调整,适应
【词根】ad朝向+just正确→朝向正确→调节,适应
单词例句
It is difficult for the old man to adjust to city life.
这个老人很难适应城市生活.
He soon adjusted to army life.
他很快就适应了军中生活。
I'm adjusting my watch.
我正在校准表。
拓展记忆
adjust调整(ad+just+正确=弄正确=调整)
ad-加在在单词或词根前,表示”做…,加强…”
adapt适应(ad+apt能力=有适应能力)
adept熟练的(ad+ept能力=有做事能力=熟练的)
adopt收养,采纳(ad+opt选择=选出来=采纳)
adhere坚持(ad+here粘=粘在一起=坚持)
adjacent邻近的(ad+jacent躺=躺在一起=邻近的)
adjoin贴近,毗连(ad+join参加=参加在一起=贴近)
administrate管理,执行(ad+ministr部长+ate=做部长=管理)
admire羡慕(ad+mire惊奇=惊喜,羡慕)
adumbrate预示(ad+umbr影子+ate=[将来的]影子出现=预示)
adjust调整(ad+just+正确=弄正确=调整)
adventure冒险(ad+venture冒险)
admonish告诫,警告(ad+mon警告+ish=一再警告)
advent来临,来到(ad+vent来=来到)
辨析记忆
adapt / adjust / conform / accommodate / suit / fit
这些动词均有“使适合,适应”之意。
adapt → 指人或物在原有情况下作某些改变以适应新的环境或不同的条件,强调改变的目的和重要性。
adjust与adapt含义很接近,但adjust所改变的幅度要小一些,侧重过程,主要用于调整角度、高度、光点等。
conform → 多指与某模式或规则相符,也引申指改变习惯等以适应新的环境。
accommodate → 书面用词,指以外部条件标准改变自己或某事以求得适应,着重改变或调节的有利。
suit → 指适合要求,从而使人满意愉快。
fit → 含义广,指人或物适合或适应某一目的或用途。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【高考】Adjusting to an upright position was quite a challenge, especially when the bones had to support an extra-large skull.

调整到直立姿势是一个相当大的挑战,尤其是当骨骼必须支撑一个超大的头骨时。

【考研】But in keeping with our examination of southern intellectual life, we may consider the original Puritans as carriers of European culture adjusting to New world circumstances.

但是,随着我们对南方知识生活的审视,我们可以认为原始清教徒是适应新世界环境的欧洲文化的载体。

【高考】They should either monitor their websites better so that children do not sign up too early, or they should adjust their websites to the needs of younger users.

他们应该更好地监控自己的网站,这样孩子们就不会过早注册,或者他们应该根据年轻用户的需求调整自己的网站。

【六级】The university has poured resources into peer counseling to help students from inner-city schools adjust to the rigor (严格要求) and faster pace of a university classroom –and also to help minority students overcome the stereotype that they are less qualified.

这所大学投入了大量资源进行同伴咨询,以帮助来自市中心学校的学生适应这种严酷的环境(严格要求) 加快大学课堂的节奏——也有助于少数民族学生克服他们不太合格的成见。

【考研】Fundamentally, the USPS is in a historic squeeze between technological change that has permanently decreased demand for its bread-and-butter product, first-class mail, and a regulatory structure that denies management the flexibility to adjust its operati

从根本上说,美国邮政正处于一个历史性的两难境地:技术变革永久性地降低了对其面包和黄油产品、一流邮件的需求,监管结构剥夺了管理层调整其运营的灵活性

【六级】Google and Apple have made it far too difficult to adjust these settings so it's up to us to take steps to ensure we set these triggers to suit our own needs, not the needs of the app makers.

谷歌和苹果已经使得调整这些设置变得非常困难,因此我们需要采取措施确保我们设置这些触发器以满足我们自己的需要,而不是应用程序制造商的需要。

【四级】More recently, however, some companies have been investing money in a more ambitious undertaking: learning how to adjust the fundamental make-up of the food they sell.

然而,最近,一些公司一直在投资一项更为雄心勃勃的事业:学习如何调整他们出售的食品的基本成分。

【六级】According to Adam Marchick, CEO of mobile marketing company Kahuna, less than 15 percent of smartphone users ever bother to adjust their notification settings—meaning the remaining 85 percent of us default to the app makers' every preset trigger.

根据移动营销公司Kahuna的首席执行官Adam Marchick的说法,不到15%的智能手机用户曾费心调整他们的通知设置,这意味着剩下的85%的美国用户默认应用程序制造商的每个预设触发。

【四级】What controls remain for the users will be audio-based, so, for example, you'll just have to say "a bit warmer", and the air conditioning will adjust automatically.

为用户保留的控件将基于音频,因此,例如,您只需说“稍微暖和一点”,空调将自动调整。

【四级】To deal with obesity, a mixture of approaches—including reformulation, taxation and adjusting portion sizes—will be needed.

为了解决肥胖问题,需要采取多种方法,包括重新制定、征税和调整份量。

【高考】My work colleague adjusted to my taking off at a moment's notice for medical emergencies.

我的同事适应了我在紧急医疗情况下一接到通知就马上起飞。

【考研】We need to adjust to this changing climate.

我们需要适应这种不断变化的气候。

【考研】But in the medium term,middle-class workers may need a lot of help adjusting.

但从中期来看,中产阶级工人可能需要很多帮助才能适应。

【六级】Perhaps, the study speculated, having a white roommate helps academically prepared black students adjust to a predominantly white university.

研究推测,也许有一个白人室友可以帮助有学术准备的黑人学生适应以白人为主的大学。

【考研】Fundamentally, the USPS is in a historic squeeze between technological change that has permanently decreased demand for its bread-and-butter product, first-class mail, and a regulatory structure that denies management the flexibility to adjust its operations to the new reality.

从根本上说,美国邮政正处于一个历史性的两难境地:技术变革永久性地降低了对其面包和黄油产品、一流邮件的需求,监管结构剥夺了管理层根据新现实调整其运营的灵活性。

【高考】To be exact, other people can extend our intelligence and help us understand and adjust our emotions.

确切地说,其他人可以扩展我们的智力,帮助我们理解和调整我们的情绪。

【四级】Higher education should be adjusted to the practical needs of society.

高等教育应该适应社会的实际需要。

【六级】birds flock together, fish school together, cattle herd together...just perceiving norms is enough to cause people to adjust their behaviour in the direction of the crowd.

鸟聚在一起,鱼群聚在一起,牛群聚在一起……仅仅感知规范就足以让人们按照人群的方向调整自己的行为。

【高考】For example, the moment you get on the airplane, start adjusting your biological clock to the destination's time.

例如,你上飞机的那一刻,就开始根据目的地的时间调整你的生物钟。

【六级】just perceiving norms is enough to cause people to adjust their behaviour in the direction of the crowd.

仅仅感知规范就足以让人们按照人群的方向调整自己的行为。

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英语单词:adjust
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