adult
英音 [ˈædʌlt]   美音 [əˈdʌlt]  
高中/CET4/CET6/考研/IELTS
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
adj.成年的;成熟的
n.成年人
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【词源】来源于拉丁语动词 jadolescere生长)的过去分词 Adults(长大的)。ad来+临近ut长大的
【谐音】儿大了他→儿子他大了→成年人
单词例句
They have an adult son.
他们有一个儿子已经成年。
an adult movie
成人电影
Both kids and adults felt satisfied with only half of their meal portions.
成人和儿童中都仅有半数对他们的饮食表示满意。
辨析记忆
adult / grown-up / mature
这些形容词均有“成年的,成熟的”之意。
adult → 一般指生理上的童年期已结束,达到法定年龄。
grown-up → 多用于口语,含义与adult基本相同,但更侧重脱离儿童阶段,已成大人,与childish意思相反。
mature → 用于生物时,指完全长好了。用于人时,指达到了生命的黄金时期,但所暗示的青少年和成年之间的界限不明显。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【六级】Terrie Moffitt's paper on "The link Between Childhood Self-control and Adult Status Decades Later" is published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

特里·莫菲特关于“几十年后儿童自我控制与成人地位之间的联系”的论文发表在《美国国家科学院院刊》上。

【四级】Economic factors seem to explain less of why young adult women are increasingly likely to live at home.

经济因素似乎无法解释为什么年轻成年女性越来越可能住在家里。

【六级】Each group consisted of around 120 adults of similar age and education, and the test assessed their language skills.

每组由大约120名年龄和教育程度相似的成年人组成,测试评估了他们的语言技能。

【四级】They found that the majority of both kids and adults opted for a half-sized portion when combined with a prize.

他们发现,无论是儿童还是成人,大多数人都会选择一半大小的食物作为奖品。

【高考】Learn how to deal with people now, because when you're an adult, you don't get to choose your boss or your co-workers, so learn how to respect them now.

现在就学会如何与人打交道,因为当你成年后,你不能选择你的老板或同事,所以现在就学会如何尊重他们。

【四级】Neither children nor adults could resist the temptation of a free toy.

无论是儿童还是成人都无法抗拒免费玩具的诱惑。

【四级】The more healthy an older adult is, the more they sleep like they did when they were younger.

老年人越健康,他们就越像年轻时那样睡觉。

【六级】She may have observed the adult moth just as it emerged from its pupa.

她可能已经观察到成年蛾刚从蛹中出来。

【六级】"I’ve seen very expensive protein supplements that claim to be high quality but they might not really be beneficial for the average healthy adult," she says.

她说:“我见过一些非常昂贵的蛋白质补充剂,它们声称质量很高,但它们可能对普通健康成年人没有真正的好处。”。

【四级】Yet moments like this one are just the kind of intense absorption and pleasure adults spend the rest of their lives seeking.

然而,像这样的时刻正是成年人余生所追求的那种强烈的专注和快乐。

【高考】Maxime's early entry into the adult world with its responsibilities gave her the determination to ensure that her kids would not end up in Waterhouse's roundabout of poverty.

马克西姆带着责任早早地进入了成人世界,这让她下定决心确保自己的孩子不会最终陷入沃特豪斯的贫困困境。

【高考】Trust adults with their hands full.

相信成年人,让他们满满当当。

【四级】By studying about 700 adult smokers, she found out that her mom quit the right way—by stopping abruptly and completely.

通过对700名成年吸烟者的研究,她发现她的母亲突然完全戒烟是正确的。

【四级】Most kids and adults would choose a smaller meal that came with a non-food item.

大多数儿童和成人会选择一种非食物类的小吃。

【四级】Adult day-care centers are easily accessible.

成人日托中心很容易进入。

【六级】For example, the shortage of young adults is likely to make countries more reluctant to commit the few they have to military service.

例如,年轻人的短缺可能会使一些国家更不愿意让少数人服兵役。

【高考】Babies need a lot of rest: most of them sleep about 18 hours a day! adults need about eight hours.

婴儿需要大量休息:他们中的大多数每天睡18小时左右!成年人大约需要8小时。

【四级】It will gradually weaken the eyes of adults

它会逐渐削弱成年人的眼睛

【高考】He finds that if babies aged 18 months see an unrelated adult with hands full trying to open a door, almost all will immediately try to help.

他发现,如果18个月大的婴儿看到一个没有亲缘关系的成年人正忙着开门,几乎所有的人都会立即帮忙。

【高考】Moreover, the tendency for universities to monitor and shape student behavior runs up against another characteristic of young adults: the response to being controlled by their elders.

此外,大学监控和塑造学生行为的趋势与年轻人的另一个特点背道而驰:受长辈控制的反应。

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