awful
英音 [ˈɔːfl]   美音 [ˈɔːfl]  
高中/CET4/CET6/考研/IELTS
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
adj.可怕的;极坏的;难受的;使人敬畏的;非常的
adv.极其,非常
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【词根】awe(敬畏)+ful(形容词后缀)→aweful 可怕的
【串记】
The awfully awkward warship is warned not to be awarded war reward.
那艘非常拙劣的军舰受到不给予战争报酬的警告.
单词例句
He is an aweful person.
他是一个可怕的人。
He carried on something awful.
他做了很糟糕的事情。
I hate carrot. It really tastes awful.
我讨厌胡萝卜。它实在太难吃了。
辨析记忆
afraid / fearful / awful / dreadful / frightful / terrible / horrible / terrific / appalling
这些形容词均含“害怕的、可怕的”之意。
afraid → 指由于胆小或怯懦而不敢说或做某事。
fearful → 普通用词,既指外界情况变化而引起的恐惧,又指来自内心的害怕与焦虑。
awful → 指威严得令人害怕或敬畏,有一定的感情色彩。
dreadful → 指使人非常恐惧,毛骨悚然,也使人感到讨厌而退缩。
frightful → 指使人陷入短暂的惊恐或产生毛骨悚然的感觉。
terrible → 侧重指给人以长久的惊骇,极端的恐怖,令人难以忍受。
horrible → 指因骇人听闻的丑恶而令人毛骨悚然,着重厌恶的成分多于害怕。
terrific → 多指外表、形状或力量等的可怕。
appalling → 指既令害怕又使人惊异、胆寒。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【考研】The problem with being a grown up is that there's an awful lot of serious stuff to deal with - work, mortgage payments, figuring out what to cook for dinner.

长大后的问题是,有很多严肃的事情要处理——工作、抵押贷款的支付、弄清楚晚餐该做什么。

【四级】Not only is this a boring and awful way to treat children, it makes no sense educationally.

这不仅是一种无聊而可怕的对待孩子的方式,而且在教育上毫无意义。

【高考】After realising an email accident, you are likely to feel awful.

在意识到一次电子邮件事故后,你可能会感觉很糟糕。

【四级】Don't you think it's an awful waste of time?

你不觉得这是浪费时间吗?

【四级】Before you brush this argument aside as rubbish, or think of joy as an unaffordable luxury in a nation where there is awful poverty, low academic achievement, and high dropout rates, think again.

在你把这个论点当作垃圾而不予理睬之前,或者在一个极度贫困、学业成绩低、辍学率高的国家,把快乐当作一种负担不起的奢侈品之前,请三思。

【六级】Southern states without strong teachers' unions have schools at least as awful as those in union states.

没有强大教师工会的南部各州的学校至少和联邦各州的学校一样糟糕。

【四级】I feel awful whenever I make a mistake in whatever I'm trying to do.

无论我想做什么,只要我犯了错误,我就会感觉很糟糕。

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