afraid
英音 [əˈfreɪd]   美音 [əˈfreɪd]  
高中/CET4/CET6
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
adj.害怕的;恐怕;担心的
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【词根】af加强+raid打、袭击→袭击加强了→害怕
【串记】
Without my aid, I'm afraid the maiden would have been raided.
没有我的帮助我怕少女已遭到袭击.
【词组】
be afraid of sth 担心某事、某物
be afraid to do sth 担心做没事(还没做)
单词例句
She is afraid of dog.
她害怕狗。
She is afraid of to feed the dog.
她害怕去喂狗。
I'm afraid I'll be late.
我担心我要迟到了。
辨析记忆
afraid / fearful / awful / dreadful / frightful / terrible / horrible / terrific / appalling
这些形容词均含“害怕的、可怕的”之意。
afraid → 指由于胆小或怯懦而不敢说或做某事。
fearful → 普通用词,既指外界情况变化而引起的恐惧,又指来自内心的害怕与焦虑。
awful → 指威严得令人害怕或敬畏,有一定的感情色彩。
dreadful → 指使人非常恐惧,毛骨悚然,也使人感到讨厌而退缩。
frightful → 指使人陷入短暂的惊恐或产生毛骨悚然的感觉。
terrible → 侧重指给人以长久的惊骇,极端的恐怖,令人难以忍受。
horrible → 指因骇人听闻的丑恶而令人毛骨悚然,着重厌恶的成分多于害怕。
terrific → 多指外表、形状或力量等的可怕。
appalling → 指既令害怕又使人惊异、胆寒。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【四级】I'm afraid not, the stand-ins are already in use on line 6, and the ones from line 6 are being serviced.

恐怕不行,6号线的候机席已经在使用,6号线的候机席正在维修中。

【六级】But as a business strategy, I'm afraid there is no stopping.

但作为一种商业策略,恐怕没有停止的余地。

【四级】I'm afraid I won't fit in.

恐怕我不能适应。

【六级】College faculty members are afraid that the pretext of moving students into the workforce might pose a threat to the core curriculum.

大学教职员工担心,让学生就业的借口可能会对核心课程构成威胁。

【四级】She's afraid she won't be able to attend your class this afternoon though.

不过,她恐怕今天下午不能去上你的课了。

【六级】I'm afraid to refuse to work, but I'm more afraid to expose my unborn child to the radiation.

我害怕拒绝工作,但我更害怕让我未出生的孩子暴露在辐射下。

【考研】So don't be afraid to ask more personal questions.

所以不要害怕问更多的私人问题。

【高考】As a first-year, I was afraid to make any noise towards campus issues that I noticed.

大一的时候,我害怕对我注意到的校园问题发出任何噪音。

【六级】I know I promise to drive you to the airport next Thursday, but I'm afraid something has come up.

我知道我答应下周四开车送你去机场,但恐怕出了什么事。

【六级】He is not afraid of challenge.

他不怕挑战。

【四级】The author is afraid that the Obama administration will end up micromanaging America's economy.

作者担心奥巴马政府最终会对美国经济进行微观管理。

【高考】I'm afraid there are a couple of problems.

恐怕有几个问题。

【高考】She was afraid the dog would get the family into trouble.

她担心这条狗会给家里带来麻烦。

【四级】I'm afraid I can't come any earlier because I have three classes this afternoon

恐怕我不能早点来,因为我今天下午有三节课

【四级】I know, but I'm afraid I need another few days.

我知道,但恐怕我还需要几天。

【六级】politicians are afraid of losing votes in the next election

政客们害怕在下次选举中失去选票

【四级】Cheating destroys self-respect and integrity, leaving the cheater ashamed, guilty and afraid of getting caught.

作弊会破坏自尊和正直,让作弊者感到羞耻、内疚和害怕被抓住。

【高考】I am not afraid of tomorrow, for I have seen yesterday and I love today.

我不怕明天,因为我看到了昨天,我爱今天。

【高考】I am afraid they seem to think they own the roads.

恐怕他们似乎认为自己拥有这条路。

【六级】One reason why pension and health care reforms are slow in coming is that politicians are afraid of losing votes in the next election.

养老金和医疗改革进展缓慢的一个原因是政客们害怕在下次选举中失去选票。

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