above
英音 [əˈbʌv]   美音 [əˈbʌv]  
高中/CET4/CET6
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
prep.超过,多于,胜过;高于;在……上面;在……之上;(因善良或诚实正直而)不至于,不屑于(做某事);偏向于,优先于;
adv.在(或向)上面;在(或向)较高处;超过;上文,前文
adj.前文述及的;上述的;以上
n.上述内容,上述人员;前文
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【词根】a(副词标志)+b(be)+ove(over上面)→上面
【联想】a+b+love爱→A和B相爱了,爱情至上
【联想】a啊+bove抱我→啊,抱我,放在上面→above在上面
【词组】
above all首先
above board 正大光明的
above suspicion 无可置疑的
单词例句
It is above comprehension.
这是难于理解的。
It costs above $50.
这东西价格超过50美元。
Her coat blouses above the hip.
她的上衣折边垂至臀部。
Attack from above!
从上面攻击!
辨析记忆
above / on / over
这些前置词均含“在……上”之意。
above → 一般指位置高于某物,但不一定在正上方,也不接触另一物,其反义词是below。
on → 指与另一物表面相接触。
over → 指一物在另一物的垂直上方,多暗示悬空,但也含“覆盖于……之上”之意。其反义词是under。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【高考】One thing is for certain—Larry went above and beyond the call of duty by getting so close to the burning vehicle! His efforts most likely saved the woman's life.

有一件事是肯定的,拉里如此接近燃烧的汽车,超出了职责范围!他的努力很可能救了那个女人的命。

【考研】The only American public-sector workers who earn well above $250, 000 a year are university sports coaches and the president of the United States.

美国公共部门唯一年薪超过25万美元的员工是大学体育教练和美国总统。

【六级】Raise their heads above the water.

把他们的头抬到水面上。

【四级】Apart from the specific trends highlighted above, which cause some investors to worry, the report portrays an overall optimism borne by the recent healthy real-estate "upcycle" and improving economy.

除了上面强调的导致一些投资者担忧的具体趋势外,报告还描述了最近健康的房地产“上升周期”和经济改善所带来的总体乐观情绪。

【高考】They believe, for example, that their employees need constant supervision if they are to work effectively, or that decisions must be imposed from above without consultation.

例如,他们认为,他们的员工要想有效工作,就需要不断的监督,或者必须在没有协商的情况下从上级做出决定。

【考研】Having said all of the above, it's important to add that we shouldn't try too hard to be happy.

说了以上所有的话,重要的是要补充一点,我们不应该为了快乐而太努力。

【考研】We still have the imaginative capacity to rise above temptation and reverse the high-speed trend.

我们仍然有超越诱惑、扭转高速发展趋势的想象力。

【高考】It ran for just under seven kilometers and allowed people to avoid terrible crowds on the roads above as they travelled to and from word.

它运行了不到7公里,使人们在往返世界各地时能够避开上面道路上可怕的人群。

【六级】All the forecasts, plans, and anticipations cited above have failed so miserably because their authors and promoters thought the transitions they hoped to implement would proceed unlike all previous energy transitions, and that their progress could be accelerated in an unprecedented manner.

上述所有预测、计划和预期都惨遭失败,因为它们的作者和推动者认为,他们希望实现的转型将不同于以往所有的能源转型,并且可以以前所未有的方式加速其进展。

【六级】have placed religious beliefs above party politicshave bridged the gap between the rich and the pooroffer poor children more chances to climb the social laddersuffer from higher levels of racial and economic segregationFamily structure.

将宗教信仰置于政党政治之上弥合贫富差距贫困儿童有更多机会爬上社会阶梯遭受更严重的种族和经济隔离家庭结构。

【高考】The card above is an invitation.

上面的卡片是一张请柬。

【六级】As Vaclav Smil points out, "All the forecasts, plans, and anticipations cited above have failed so miserably because their authors and promoters thought the transitions they hoped to implement would proceed unlike all previous energy transitions, and that

正如瓦茨拉夫·斯米尔(Vaclav Smil)所指出的,“上述所有预测、计划和预期都失败得如此惨烈,因为它们的作者和发起人认为,他们希望实现的转型将不同于以往所有的能源转型,而且

【六级】That statement comes not, as you might imagine, from a stereotypical tree-hugging, save-the-world greenie ( ' , 环保主义者), but from Gordon Brown, a politician with a reputation for rigour, thoroughness and above all, caution.

正如你可能想象的那样,这句话并不是出自一种老套的拥抱树木的方式,即“拯救世界”,环保主义者), 但是来自戈登·布朗,一位以严谨、彻底和最重要的是谨慎著称的政治家。

【六级】As noted above, indifferent relationships may not always be the most helpful approach in resolving some of the issues that pop up at work.

如上所述,在解决工作中出现的一些问题时,冷漠的关系可能并不总是最有帮助的方法。

【六级】However,while talking is largely subconscious and rapid, writing is deliberate and slow, Over time,writers took advantage of this and started crafting long-winded sentences such as this one:The whole engagement lasted above 12 hours, till the gradual retreat of the Persians was changed into a disorderly flight, of which the shameful example was given by the principal leaders and……" No one talks like that casually — or should

然而,尽管谈话主要是潜意识的,而且速度很快,写作却很缓慢,随着时间的推移,作家们利用这一点,开始构思像这样冗长的句子:整个约定持续了12个小时以上,直到波斯人逐渐撤退,变成了无序的逃跑,其中主要领导人举了一个可耻的例子,并且……“没有人会这样随便说话——或者应该这样

【六级】Question: My ninth-grade art teacher doesn't give any grade above 94% because, she says, "There's always room for improvement.

问:我九年级的美术老师没有给94%以上的分数,因为她说,“总有改进的余地。

【考研】A report last year pointed out that the costs both of subscriptions and of these "article preparation costs" had been steadily rising at a rate above inflation.

去年的一份报告指出,订阅费和这些“文章准备费”的成本一直在以高于通胀的速度稳步上升。

【六级】Even today, says the legend, the girls can be seen above the towering rock as seven shining stars in the night sky.

传说中说,即使在今天,这些女孩仍然可以在高高的岩石上看到,就像夜空中七颗闪亮的星星。

【高考】As one would expect, his writing is mostly clear and, to be fair, some chapters stand out above the rest.

正如人们所期待的,他的写作基本上是清晰的,公平地说,有些章节比其他章节更突出。

【考研】It can't when so many more employers have so much more access to so much more above average cheap foreign labor, cheap robotics, cheap software, cheap automation and cheap genius.

当更多的雇主有更多的机会获得高于平均水平的廉价外国劳动力、廉价机器人、廉价软件、廉价自动化和廉价天才时,这是不可能的。

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