abstract
英音 [ˈæbstrækt]   美音 [ˈæbstrækt]  
高中/CET4/CET6/考研/GRE/TOEFL/IELTS
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
adj.纯理论的;抽象的;抽象派的
n.摘要;抽象;抽象的概念;抽象派艺术作品
v.摘要;提取;抽象化;退出;转移;使心不在焉
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【词根】abs(=from[ab-,abs-加在词根前,表示"相反,变坏,离去"等])+拽(tract)→从...拽走-抽去、摘要、抽象的
【词根】abs+tract拉→被拉开→心不在焉
【词根】abs离开,tract拉开→从文章中拉出不重要内容→摘要
单词例句
make an abstract of
把…的要点摘录下来
The distracted reader can't be absorbed in the abstract extract.
心神纷乱的读者无法专心于抽象的节录.
A modern abstract painting takes over one complete wall.
一幅现代抽象画占了整整一面墙。
We may talk of beautiful things but beauty itself is abstract.
我们尽可谈论美的事物,但美本身却是抽象的。
拓展记忆
abstract 抽象的,心不在焉的(abs+tract拉=被拉开=心不在焉)
ab-,abs-加在词根前,表示”相反,变坏,离去”等
abnormal 反常的(ab+normal正常的)
abuse 滥用(ab+use用=用坏=滥用)
absorb 吸收(ab+sorb吸收=吸收掉)
absent 缺席的(ab+sent出现=没有出现=缺席的)
abduct 诱拐(ab+duct引导=引走=诱拐)
abject 可怜的(ab+ject抛=抛掉=可怜的)
abstract 抽象的,心不在焉的(abs+tract拉=被拉开=心不在焉)
abstain 戒绝(abs+tain拿住=不再拿住=戒绝)
abscond 潜逃(abs+cond藏=藏起来=潜逃)
abscind 废除(abs+cind剪切=切掉=废除)
abscise 切除(abs+cise剪=剪掉=切除)
abstinence 节制,禁欲(abs+tin拿住+ense=不在拿住=戒除,禁欲)
辨析记忆
summary / abstract / digest / outline / resume
这些名词均含“摘要、概要、概括”之意。
summary → 普通用词,指将书籍或文章等的内容,用寥寥数语作简明扼要的说明。
abstract → 指论文、书籍等正文前的内容摘要,尤指学术论文或法律文件的研究提要。
digest → 侧重对原文融汇贯通,重新谋篇布局,以简明扼要的语言,简短篇幅成文,展现原作精华。
outline → 指配以释议文字的提纲。
resume → 源于洁语,与summary极相近,通常可互换使用。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【四级】The study, which followed more than 2,000 healthy adults between the ages of 18 and 60, found that certain mental functions—including measures of abstract reasoning, mental speed and puzzle-solving—started to dull as early as age 27.

这项研究对2000多名年龄在18岁至60岁之间的健康成年人进行了跟踪调查。研究发现,某些心理功能,包括抽象推理、思维速度和解谜等,早在27岁时就开始变得迟钝。

【高考】I thought anything abstract left too much room for argument.

我认为任何抽象的东西都留下了太多的争论空间。

【六级】The purpose of today's lecture, as you have seen from the title and the abstract, is to examine in more detail the problems facing small- and medium-sized enterprises which arise at least in part from having to adapt to rapid advances in technology.

正如您从标题和摘要中所看到的,今天讲座的目的是更详细地探讨中小企业面临的问题,这些问题至少部分是由于必须适应技术的快速发展。

【四级】Already, by paying close attention to and interacting with the world and people around him, and without any school-type formal instruction, he has done a task far more difficult, complicated and abstract than anything he will be asked to do in school, or than any of his teachers has done for years.

通过密切关注并与周围的世界和人们互动,在没有任何学校式的正式教育的情况下,他已经完成了一项比学校要求他做的任何事情,或比他多年来的任何老师都要困难、复杂和抽象得多的任务。

【四级】The assumption is that children shouldn't chat in the classroom because it hinders hard work; instead, they should learn to delay gratification so that they can pursue abstract goals, like going to college.

假设是孩子们不应该在教室里聊天,因为这会妨碍努力学习;相反,他们应该学会延迟满足感,这样才能追求抽象的目标,比如上大学。

【四级】The assumption is that children shouldn't chat in the classroom because it hinders hard work; instead, they should learn to delay gratification ( ' , 快乐 ) so that they can pursue abstract goals, like going to college.

假设是孩子们不应该在教室里聊天,因为这会妨碍努力学习;相反,他们应该学会延迟满足(“,快乐 ) 这样他们就可以追求抽象的目标,比如上大学。

【四级】may be better at solving puzzlescan memorize things with more easemay have greater facility in abstract reasoningcan put what they have learnt into more effective usefind ways to slow down our mental declinefind ways to boost our memoriesunderstand the complex process of mental functioningunderstand the relation between physical and mental healthThe most important thing in the news last week was the rising discussion in Nashville about the educational needs of children.

能更好地解决难题能更容易地记忆事物能更容易地进行抽象推理能更有效地利用他们所学的知识找到减缓我们心理衰退的方法找到提高记忆力的方法理解心理功能的复杂过程理解生理和心理之间的关系上周新闻中最重要的一件事是纳什维尔关于儿童教育需求的讨论日益增多。

【考研】But they were popular because of their airy glass walls, the views they afforded and the elegance of the buildings' details and proportions, the architectural equivalent of the abstract art so popular at the time.

但它们之所以受欢迎,是因为它们有通风的玻璃墙,它们提供的景观以及建筑物细节和比例的优雅,这与当时流行的抽象艺术的建筑等效。

【四级】At the shops where you spend any real money, that money is increasingly abstracted.

在你花钱的商店里,钱越来越被抽象化了。

【六级】The purpose of today’s lecture, as you have seen from the title and the abstract, is to examine in more detail the problems facing small- and medium-sized enterprises which arise at least in part from having to adapt to rapid advances in technology.

正如您从标题和摘要中所看到的,今天讲座的目的是更详细地探讨中小企业面临的问题,这些问题至少部分是由于必须适应技术的快速发展。

【六级】His independent and abstract thinking.

他独立抽象的思维。

*********************
QQ交流群:747736627
*********************
关闭
我来纠错
详细内容:
请确保信息质量,低质量信息无法获得通过。
验证码: