approve
英音 [əˈpruːv]   美音 [əˈpruːv]  
高中/CET4/CET6/考研/TOEFL/IELTS
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
vt.批准;赞成;为…提供证据
vi.批准;赞成;满意
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【词根】a(=to)+prove(证明[prob,prov=test表示"测试,证明"])→反复证明过的才批准→批准
【谐音】阿婆(ap)+rove(入伍)→阿婆的入伍申请被批准了→批准
【串记】
It's proved that the approver improved waterproof roof.
经证实,赞同者改善了防水屋顶。
【对比】
approve v.批准
substantiate(v. 证实)
disapprove(v. 不赞成)
improve v.改善、提高
approval n.批准
单词例句
I don't approve of wasting time.
我不赞成浪费时间。
My application has been approved.
我的申请被批准了。
Mr. Obama says senators need to approve his recovery plan quickly.
奥巴马说,参议员必须尽快批准他的复苏计划。
拓展记忆
approve v 赞成,承认(ap+prove=证明可行=赞成)
prob, prov= test, 表示”测试,证明”
approbate v 许可,批准(ap一再+prob+ate=一再证明[可行]=批准)
approbation n 称赞,认可(approbate+ion)
disapprobation n 不称赞(dis不+approbation)
probable a 可能的(prob+able=能证明的=可能的)
probability n 可能性(probable+ility)
probation n 试验,检定(prob+ation=测试=试验)
probative a 试验的(prob+ative)
reprobate v 责备 n. 恶棍(re反+prob+ate=反证[别人不对]=责备)
reprobation n 拒绝,谴责(reprobate+ion)
probity n 正直,刚正(prob+ity=[人]经得起证明和试验=正直)
probe v 探索,刺探
approve v 赞成,承认(ap+prove=证明可行=赞成)
approval n 赞成(approve+al)
disapprove v 不赞成(dis不+approve赞成)
disprove v 证明为假,反证(dis反+prove=反证)
reprove v 责备,训诫(re反+prove=反对别人的证明=责备)
辨析记忆
agree / consent / approve / comply / subscribe
这些动词均含“同意、赞同”之意。
agree → 普通用词,侧重指对某事同其他人有相同的意见或想法。
consent → 指同意别人的请求、建议或满足他人的愿望,着重意愿或感情,常和to连用。
approve → 侧重对认为正确或满意的事表示赞同或批准。作不及物动词用时,常与of连用。
comply → 指答应某人已经提出或可能要求做的某事,与with连用。
subscribe → 指完全地赞成已阐明的立场。多用于比较愿意支持一种立场或为一种立场所辨护的情况。
approve / confirm / sanction
这些动词均有“批准”之意。
approve → 普通用词,常指正式的或官方的批准。
confirm → 强调按法律程序提请确认或批准。
sanction → 语气最强,多指官方的同意或批准,是书面用词。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【六级】In the US, the House of Representatives Science Committee has approved a bill allocating $10 million a year to studying energy-related behaviour.

在美国,众议院科学委员会批准了一项法案,每年拨款1000万美元用于研究能源相关行为。

【六级】Results of USA WEEKEND's Teens & Parents survey reveal a generation of young people who get along well with their parents and approve of the way they're being raised.

《美国周末》青少年与家长调查的结果显示,这一代年轻人与父母相处融洽,对自己的成长方式表示认可。

【六级】The changes would have to be approved or rejected as a whole by Congress, making it hard for narrow-interest lobbies to bend lawmakers to their will.

这些改变必须由国会整体批准或否决,这使得狭隘的利益游说团体很难让立法者屈服于他们的意愿。

【六级】Changes in policy would be approved or rejected as a whole so that lobbyists would find it hard to influence lawmakers.

政策的改变将作为一个整体被批准或拒绝,这样说客们就会发现很难影响立法者。

【六级】But the Food and Drug Administration has not approved Avastin for use in the eye, and using it rather than the alternative, Lucentis, might carry an additional, although slight, safety risk.

但是食品和药物管理局还没有批准阿瓦斯汀用于眼部,使用它而不是替代品Lucentis可能会带来额外的安全风险,尽管风险很小。

【六级】Some states require parents or a home tutor to meet teacher certification standards, and many require parents to complete legal forms to verify that their children are receiving instruction in state approved curriculum.

一些州要求家长或家庭教师达到教师认证标准,许多州要求家长填写法律表格,以核实其子女是否接受州批准课程的教学。

【六级】The good news is that a bill just approved by the House and a bill approved by the Senate Finance Committee would implement or test many reforms that should help slow the rise in medical costs over the long term.

好消息是,众议院刚刚通过的一项法案和参议院财政委员会批准的一项法案将实施或测试许多改革,这些改革将有助于长期减缓医疗成本的上升。

【考研】Curbs on business-method claims would be a dramatic about-face, because it was the federal circuit itself that introduced such patents with is 1998 decision in the so-called state Street Bank case, approving a patent on a way of pooling mutual-fund assets.

对商业方法权利主张的限制将是一个戏剧性的转变,因为是联邦巡回法院本身在1998年所谓的“州街银行案”的判决中引入了这类专利,该判决批准了一项以汇集共同基金资产为方式的专利。

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