approximately
英音 [əˈprɒksɪmətli]   美音 [əˈprɑːksɪmətli]  
高中/CET4/CET6/TOEFL
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
adv.大约,近似地;近于
怎么记 纠错 +补充
adv.近似地, 大约【根】proach,proxim=near(接近)
辨析记忆
almost / nearly / about / approximately / around / roughly
这些副词均有“大约,差不多”之意。
almost → 指在程度上相差很小,差不多。
nearly与almost含义基本相同,侧重指数量、时间或空间上的接近。
about → 常可分almost和nearly换用,但about用于表示时间、数量的“大约”时,实际数量可能多也可能少。
approximately → 多用于书面语,指精确度接近某个标准以致误差可忽略不计。
around → 多用于非正式场合,常见于美国英语。
roughly → 指按精略估计,常代替about。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【高考】It consists of approximately 75 buildings.

它由大约75座建筑物组成。

【六级】How much would you say is a mid-range bottle of a wine approximately?

一瓶中档葡萄酒大概多少钱?

【六级】National Institutes of Health (NIH) Biomedical Research Workforce Working Group recommended that the NIH require IDPs for the approximately 32,000 postdoctoral researchers they support.

美国国立卫生研究院(NIH)生物医学研究工作组建议NIH为其支持的大约32000名博士后研究人员提供IDP。

【六级】Mothers who slept in the same room as their infants, whether in the same bed or just the same room, had poorer sleep than mothers whose babies slept elsewhere in the house: They woke up more frequently, were awake approximately 20 minutes longer per night

与婴儿睡在同一个房间里的母亲,无论是在同一张床上还是在同一个房间里,其睡眠都比婴儿睡在房子其他地方的母亲差:她们醒得更频繁,每晚大约多醒20分钟

【四级】In the approximately 20 deep-sea crashes over the past 30 years, only one plane's black boxes were never recovered.

在过去30年大约20起深海坠机事件中,只有一架飞机的黑匣子没有找到。

【高考】Dudok alone shaped most century Hilversum and approximately 75 buildings still bear his unique characteristics.

仅杜杜克一人就塑造了大多数世纪的山丘,大约75座建筑仍然具有他的独特特征。

【六级】Undernourishment during this approximately 1, 000-day window can seriously check the growth and development of children and render them more likely to get sick and die than well-fed children.

在这大约1000天的时间内,营养不良会严重阻碍儿童的生长发育,使他们比营养良好的儿童更容易生病和死亡。

【四级】The American Trucking Association lists approximately 3.5 million professional truck drivers in the U.S.

美国卡车协会列出了美国大约350万名职业卡车司机。

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