about
英音 [əˈbaʊt]   美音 [əˈbaʊt]  
高中/CET4/CET6
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
adv.大约;将近;到处;(特定位置)四下;闲着;周围;掉头
prep.关于;目的是;针对;忙于;因为;在……到处;在……四处;在……附近;在……(具有某种品质);围绕;为……感到
adj.在场的,可得到的;就要……的;四处走动的;有证据的,在起作用的
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【词根】ab强调+out(外面、周围)→在周围的即有关的→关于
【词组】
be about to do something
即将做某事
all about
到处都是
go about
着手做某事
单词例句
Tell me something about your trip.
说说你旅游的情况吧.
She and I disagree about it .
关于这一点,我和她意见不同。
I must go about my business.
我必须忙我自己的事。
Be careful about what you say.
对你所说的话小心点。
辨析记忆
about / around / round
这些词均有“在周围、在附近”之意。
about → 既可表静态,也可表动态。
around → 主要用于美国,静态或动态均可。
round → 主要用于英国,多半指动态。
almost / nearly / about / approximately / around / roughly
这些副词均有“大约,差不多”之意。
almost → 指在程度上相差很小,差不多。
nearly与almost含义基本相同,侧重指数量、时间或空间上的接近。
about → 常可分almost和nearly换用,但about用于表示时间、数量的“大约”时,实际数量可能多也可能少。
approximately → 多用于书面语,指精确度接近某个标准以致误差可忽略不计。
around → 多用于非正式场合,常见于美国英语。
roughly → 指按精略估计,常代替about。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【四级】So take a step back, switch off the automatic pilot and actually stop and reflect about things like our priorities, our values, and our relationships.

因此,退一步,关掉自动驾驶仪,真正停下来思考我们的优先事项、价值观和关系等问题。

【高考】He and I both knew what the deal was, and we didn't talk about it.

他和我都知道交易是什么,但我们没有谈论。

【考研】"There has been a kind of revival or a rethinking about what guilt is and what role guilt can serve," says Amrisha Vaish, a psychology researcher at the University of virginia, adding that this revival is part of a larger recognition that emotions aren't

弗吉尼亚大学的心理学研究者Amrisha Vaish说:“人们对内疚感和罪恶感的作用有一种复兴或重新思考。”他补充说,这种复兴是一种更大的认识,即情感不是。

【考研】Besides generating income, the presence of other marketers makes the site seem objective, gives companies opportunities to learn valuable information about the appeal of other companies’ marketing, and may help expand user traffic for all companies concerned.

除了产生收入外,其他营销人员的存在使网站看起来客观,使公司有机会了解有关其他公司营销吸引力的宝贵信息,并可能有助于扩大所有相关公司的用户流量。

【高考】Body language can give away a lot about your mood, so standing with your arms folded can send out a signal that you are being defensive.

肢体语言可以透露出你的很多情绪,所以双臂交叉站着可以发出一个信号,表明你在防御。

【考研】America's Federal Trade commission launched a round of talks about how to save newspapers.

美国联邦贸易委员会就如何拯救报纸展开了一轮谈判。

【高考】He recommended that she do some research and talk to dentists about what a healthier candy would contain.

他建议她做一些研究,并与牙医讨论什么是更健康的糖果。

【考研】A Harvard Business School study found that observers consistently rated those who were frank about themselves more highly, while those who hid lost trustworthiness.

哈佛商学院(Harvard Business School)的一项研究发现,观察者一贯认为那些对自己坦诚的人的评价更高,而那些隐瞒真相的人则失去了可信度。

【六级】They are curious about specific features.

他们对特定的特征很好奇。

【四级】The blasthit a bus about to set off for the Ugandan capital Kampala.

爆炸击中了一辆准备开往乌干达首都坎帕拉的公共汽车。

【考研】It also sent a clear message to the outside world about his aspirations.

它还向外界发出了关于他的愿望的明确信息。

【四级】Isn't this the same crowd that rails against processed junk and champions craft cooking? And isn't this the generation who say they're concerned about their health and the well-being of the planet? If these are truly the values of many young people, then their behavior doesn't match their beliefs.

这不正是反对加工垃圾和支持手工烹饪的人群吗?这一代人不是说他们关心自己的健康和地球的福祉吗?如果这些确实是许多年轻人的价值观,那么他们的行为与他们的信仰不符。

【四级】It may make you feel uncertain about your own decisions.

这可能会让你对自己的决定感到不确定。

【四级】But what I learned, and what stuck with me through my time teaching writing at Harvard, was a deeper lesson about the nature of creative criticism.

但我学到的,以及我在哈佛大学教写作期间所学到的,是关于创造性批评本质的更深刻的一课。

【高考】Everything they know about you came through this device, sometimes from hundreds of miles away.

他们所知道的关于你的一切都是通过这个设备,有时是从几百英里以外的地方。

【四级】Recently I attended several meetings where we talked about ways to retain students and keep younger faculty members from going elsewhere.

最近我参加了几次会议,我们讨论了留住学生和防止年轻教师去其他地方的方法。

【四级】Russians, for example, began to wake up about a half-hour later each day after President Vladimir Putin shifted the country permanently to winter time starting on October 26.

例如,俄罗斯总统弗拉基米尔·普京从10月26日起将该国永久性地改为冬季后,俄罗斯人开始每天大约半小时后醒来。

【六级】Many contemporary ideas about kitchen design can be traced back to another American, Christine Frederick, who set about enhancing the efficiency of the housewife.

关于厨房设计的许多当代想法可以追溯到另一位美国人克里斯蒂娜·弗雷德里克,她致力于提高家庭主妇的工作效率。

【考研】During the late 1990s,national spending on social sciences and the humanities as a percentage of all research and development funds-including government, higher education, non-profit and corporate—varied from around 4% to 25%; in most European nations, it is about 15%.

在20世纪90年代末,国家在社会科学和人文科学方面的支出占所有研究和发展基金(包括政府、高等教育、非营利组织和企业)的比例从4%到25%不等;在大多数欧洲国家,这一比例约为15%。

【考研】About a third say the problem of fake news lies in.

大约三分之一的人说假新闻的问题在于。

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