attempt
英音 [əˈtempt]   美音 [əˈtempt]  
高中/CET4/CET6/考研/TOEFL/IELTS
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
n.企图,试图;攻击
vt.企图,试图;尝试
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【词根】a(=to)+tempt(引诱[tempt=try,表示"尝试"])→尝试去引诱→企图
【串记】
The empty empire's emperor made an attempt to tempt the contemptuous man.
空虚帝国的皇帝试图诱惑那个轻蔑的人.
单词例句
It is an attempt to deal with a set of weighty topics.
它试图处理一系列重要的话题。
He gave up the attempt in despair.
他在绝望中放弃了这种尝试。
I described the attempt as a failure.
我把这次尝试描述成一次失败。
辨析记忆
attempt / try / endeavour / strive
这些动词均含有“试图,努力,力图”之意。
attempt → 较正式用词,侧重已经开始,且希望完成,但常隐含着不一定有预期的结果。
try → 普通用词,可与attempt换用,但强调努力或尝试,后跟不定式表示努力或争取;后跟动名词表示尝试。
endeavour → 正式用词,指尽最大努力、认真地克服困难去做某事。
strive和endeavour一样,表示付出巨大努力,但strive侧重劳累与紧张,而不强调努力的结果。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【四级】A snowmobile driver had repeatedly attempted to harm her and her team, and one of Zircle’s dogs had received a non-lifethreatening injury.

一名摩托雪橇司机多次试图伤害她和她的团队,Zircle的一只狗受到了无生命危险的伤害。

【考研】Russell Gray at the University of Auckland and his colleagues consider the evolution of grammars in the light of two previous attempts to find universality in language.

奥克兰大学的Russell Gray和他的同事们根据两次试图在语言中寻找普遍性的尝试来考虑语法的演变。

【六级】Missing from these bills is any serious attempt to rein in malpractice costs.

这些法案缺少任何控制医疗事故成本的严肃尝试。

【六级】Well, as your union representative, I have to warn you that it would take quite a while to force management to replace the old machines and attempt to get you transferred may or may not be successful.

嗯,作为你们的工会代表,我必须警告你们,迫使管理层更换旧机器需要相当长的一段时间,试图让你们转职可能会成功,也可能不会成功。

【高考】For years researchers have attempted to show that television is dangerous to children.

多年来,研究人员一直试图证明电视对儿童是危险的。

【六级】These improvements don't mean we shouldn't attempt to control our use of technology.

这些改进并不意味着我们不应该试图控制我们对技术的使用。

【高考】Silence may be viewed by some cultural groups as extremely uncomfortable; therefore attempts may be made to fill every gap 间隙 with conversation.

沉默可能被一些文化群体视为极不舒服;因此,可以尝试填补每一个缺口间隙 与对话。

【四级】The scientists suggest this may be an attempt to calm humans down.

科学家们认为,这可能是试图让人类平静下来。

【四级】Many of its 800 stores are likely to close following the company's decision to call in administrators after an attempt to sell the business for a token £1 failed.

在试图以1英镑的代币出售该公司业务失败后,该公司决定聘请管理人员,此后,该公司800家店铺中的许多可能会关闭。

【四级】As she neared the end of her prison sentence, a well-known columnist wrote that she was "paying her dues," and that " there is simply no reason for anyone to attempt to deny her right to start anew."

在她即将服刑期满之际,一位著名专栏作家写道,她正在“支付应缴的费用”,“任何人都没有理由试图剥夺她重新开始的权利。”

【六级】Very Serious People's attempt to cripple the economy.

非常严重的人们试图破坏经济。

【考研】In his work, he attempted to show how all aspects of culture changed together in the evolution of societies.

在他的作品中,他试图展示文化的各个方面是如何在社会的进化中共同变化的。

【考研】It is an ambitious attempt to blunt the sharpest edges of globalization, and make capitalism benign.

这是一次雄心勃勃的尝试,旨在削弱全球化最尖锐的边缘,使资本主义变得良性。

【四级】As she neared the end of her prison sentence, a well-known columnist wrote that she was paying her dues, and that there is simply no reason for anyone to attempt to deny her right to start anew.

当她即将服刑期满时,一位著名的专栏作家写道,她正在缴纳她的会费,任何人都没有理由试图剥夺她重新开始的权利。

【六级】Hawking was speaking at the opening of the Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence (LCF) at Cambridge University, a multi-disciplinary institute that will attempt to tackle some of the open-ended questions raised by the rapid pace of development

霍金是在剑桥大学Leverhulme未来情报中心(LCF)开幕式上发表上述讲话的。该中心是一个多学科机构,将试图解决快速发展带来的一些开放性问题

【六级】I was lucky that my last desperate attempt led to a job.

我很幸运,我最后一次绝望的尝试找到了一份工作。

【考研】In most of the homeless gardens of New York City the actual cultivation of plants is unfeasible, yet even so the compositions often seem to represent attempts to call arrangement of materials, an institution of colors, small pool of water, and a frequent presence of petals or leaves as well as of stuffed animals.

在纽约市大多数无家可归的花园里,植物的实际种植是不可行的,但即便如此,这些构图似乎也常常表现出一种尝试,即材料的安排、色彩的安排、小水池、花瓣或树叶以及填充动物的频繁出现。

【六级】By recapturing the attempt of the monarch and noting where they came from, the next scientist can figure out things like butterfly's age and its routing

通过重新捕获帝王的尝试并注意到它们来自何处,下一位科学家可以弄清楚蝴蝶的年龄和路线

【六级】missing from these bills is any serious attempt to rein in malpractice costs.

这些法案缺少任何控制医疗事故成本的严肃尝试。

【四级】To show its early attempt to reinvent itself.

以显示其早期重塑自我的尝试。

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