attribute
英音 [əˈtrɪbjuːt]   美音 [əˈtrɪbjuːt]  
高中/CET4/CET6/考研/GRE/TOEFL/IELTS
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
n.属性;特质
vt.归属;把……归于
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【词根】at(=to)+tribute(给予)→attribute 把..归于、属性
【谐音】爱吹逼的→爱吹牛逼是他的特质→属性、特质
【对比】
tribute(给予):
共同(con)给予(tribute)→ contribute贡献
at(=to)+tribute(给予)→attribute 把..归于
dis(分散)+tribute(给予)→ distribute 分配
attribution n.归属; 归因; 属性; 归属物
【串记】
Trivial tributes constitute the attribute of constituent's report.
琐屑的颂词形成选民的报告的属性.
单词例句
David attributed his success to the unity of all the staff.
大卫说他之所以获得成功是由于全体员工工作的结果。
They can not be attributed to weather only.
它们不能仅仅归因于天气。
A tag is another name for a media information attribute.
标记是媒体信息属性的另一个名称。
拓展记忆
attribute v 归因于 n.属性(at加强动作+tribute=[把原因]给出=归因)
tridut=give,表示”给予”
trbute n 赠品,赞扬
tributary a 进贡的,支流的(tribut+ary=给予东西=进贡的,支流给主流水)
attribute v 归因于 n.属性(at加强动作+tribute=[把原因]给出=归因)
attribution n 属性,归因
contribute v 捐赠,贡献(con+全部+tribute=全部给出=捐献)
contributor n 贡献者(contribute+or)
contributory a 有贡献的
distribution n 分配
distribute v 分配:区分(bis分开+tribute=分开给=分配)
retribution n 报酬,报复(re回+tribut+ion=给回去=报复,报酬)
辨析记忆
attribute / ascribe
这两个动词均有“把……归于”之意。
attribute → 指出于相信而把……归于某人或某物,含较多的客观性。
ascribe → 指根据推论或猜想把……归于某人或某物,含主观臆断成分较重。
quality / property / feature / characteristic / peculiarity / trait / attribute / character
这些名词均有“特性、特点、品质”之意。
quality → 最普通用词,既可指有形或无形的特性,又可指个性或共性的特征。
properity → 多指同类事物所共有的特性,一般不用于指人。
feature → 指事物突出引人注目的特点。多用来说明人的容貌特征或地理特征。
characteristic → 指某人或某物天生有别于他人或他物的内部特质或外表特征。
peculiarity → 指人或事物独具的或奇怪的特点,常带感情色彩。
trait → 多指人的性格、心情的特征,尤指先天秉赋的持久的行为模式或性格特征。
attribute → 通常指人主观赋予某事物的属性,可指典型事物。
character → 多指一类人或事物所具有的独特的典型的特征。
symbol / badge / sign / signal / mark / token / attribute / emblem
这些名词均含“标志、象征、符号”之意。
symbol → 指作象征或表达某种深邃意蕴的特殊事物。
badge → 一般指金属证章或写有姓名的带状标志物。
sign → 普通用词,指人们公认事物的记号,也可指某种情况的征兆。
signal → 指为某一目的而有意发出的信号。
mark → 普通用词,含义广泛。既可指方便于辨认而有意做的标记,又可指自然形成的标记或有别于他事物的特征。
token → 语气庄重,指礼品、纪念物等作为表示友谊、爱情等的象征或标志。
attribute → 指人或物及其地位、属性的象征。
emblem → 指选定象征一个国家、民族或家庭等的图案或实物。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【四级】Although many attribute Kodak's downfall to "complacency(自满) ," that explanation doesn't acknowledge the lengths to which the company went to reinvent itself.

尽管许多人将柯达的垮台归因于“自满”(自满) ," 这一解释并不承认该公司在重塑自身方面付出了多大的努力。

【六级】Skin may seem like a superficial human attribute, but it's the first thing we notice about anyone we meet.

皮肤似乎是一种肤浅的人类属性,但它是我们遇到的任何人的第一件事。

【六级】In one experiment, people who reported feeling isolated were more likely than others to attribute desires to various gadgets.

在一项实验中,那些感觉孤独的人比其他人更容易将欲望归因于各种各样的小玩意儿。

【六级】About 80% of our company's year-over-year declines in comparable sales can be attributed to shortfalls ( ' , 短缺) in cold-weather goods, said chief executive Terry Lundgren in a press release.

本公司可比销售额同比下降约80%可归因于短缺(“,短缺) 首席执行官特里·隆德格伦(Terry Lundgren)在新闻稿中表示,在寒冷天气商品方面。

【考研】Some attributed virtually every important cultural achievement to the inventions of a few, especially gifted peoples that, according to diffusionists, then spread to other cultures.

一些人把几乎每一项重要的文化成就都归因于少数民族的发明,特别是有天赋的民族的发明,根据扩散论者的说法,这些发明随后传播到其他文化中。

【四级】In particular, attributing poor performance to a lack of ability depresses motivation more than does the belief that lack of effort is to blame.

特别是,将糟糕的表现归因于缺乏能力比认为缺乏努力更能抑制动机。

【四级】Mistakes crack their self-confidence because they attribute errors to a lack of ability, which they feel powerless to change.

错误会打击他们的自信心,因为他们把错误归因于缺乏能力,而他们感到无力改变。

【考研】The correlation between happiness and investment was particularly strong for younger firms, which the authors attribute to "less codified decision making process" and the possible presence of "younger and less experienced managers who are more likely to b

对于年轻的公司来说,幸福感和投资之间的相关性特别强,作者将其归因于“不太规范的决策过程”和可能存在的“更年轻、经验更少、更有可能

【考研】Some experts attribute the stress-reducing, health-related benefits of hugging to the release of oxytocin, often called "the bonding hormone" because it promotes attachment in relationships, including that between mothers and their new-born babies.

一些专家将拥抱带来的减轻压力、与健康相关的好处归因于后叶催产素的释放,后叶催产素通常被称为“结合激素”,因为它促进了关系中的依恋,包括母亲和新生儿之间的依恋。

【六级】Now, she attributes much of her understanding of college to that: But once I got to campus, it was a completely different ball game that no one really prepared me for.

现在,她把自己对大学的理解很大程度上归因于这一点:但一旦我进入校园,这是一场完全不同的球赛,没有人真正为我做好准备。

【四级】Attributing a bad grade to their own lack of ability, those with a fixed mindset said that they would study less in the future, try never to take that subject again and consider cheating on future tests.

把一个坏的等级归因于他们自己的能力缺乏,那些有固定心态的人说他们将来会学习更少,试着不再去接受这个主题,并在将来的考试中考虑作弊。

【六级】The overwhelming majority of employees attribute their stress mainly to low pay and an excessive workload.

绝大多数员工将他们的压力主要归因于低工资和过度的工作量。

【六级】They cannot be attributed to weather only.

它们不能仅仅归因于天气。

【四级】"If you ask Japanese students to list the positive attributes they expect in a romantic partner, they rate highly things like loyalty, commitment and devotion," says O'Sullivan.

O'Sullivan说:“如果你让日本学生列出他们期望浪漫伴侣具备的积极品质,他们会对忠诚、承诺和奉献等方面给予很高的评价。”。

【六级】More than 80% of those cases can be attributed to contact with contaminated water and a lack of proper sanitation.

80%以上的病例可归因于接触受污染的水和缺乏适当的卫生设施。

【四级】mistakes crack their self-confidence because they attribute errors to a lack of ability, which they feel powerless to change.

错误会打击他们的自信心,因为他们把错误归因于缺乏能力,而他们感到无力改变。

【考研】He was searching for tiny engraved seals attributed to the ancient Mycenaean culture that dominated Greece from the 1400s to 1200s BC.

他正在寻找微小的雕刻印章,这些印章属于古迈锡尼文化,从公元前14世纪到公元前12世纪统治着希腊。

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英语单词:attribute
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