advocate
英音 [ˈædvəkeɪt]   美音 [ˈædvəkət]  
高中/CET4/CET6/考研/GRE/TOEFL/IELTS
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
v.提倡,拥护;为……辩护
n.拥护者;辩护者;辩护律师,出庭律师;律师;为(某团体)谋利益者
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【词根】ad(add增加)+voc(声音[voc,vok=call,voice表示"叫喊,声音"])+ate→去增加声音→鼓吹、提倡
【串记】
The vocation advocate found the word "vocal" and "reciprocal" not in the vocabulary.
职业倡导者发现"嗓音的"和"交互的"两词不在词汇表中。
单词例句
I advocates building more schools.
我主张多建几所学校。
We advocate recycling papers and plastics.
我们提倡循环利用纸张和塑料。
The group does not advocate the use of violence.
该团体不支持使用暴力。
拓展记忆
advocate v 拥护,倡议(ad增强+voc+ate=增强声音=拥护)
voc, vok=call voice,表示”叫喊,声音”
vocal a 声音的
vocalist n 歌手(vocal声音的+ist人)
vocation n 职业,使命(voc+ation=[受到]召唤=有职业)
aocation n 副业(a不+vocation职业=不是职业,是副业)
vocabulary n 词汇(vocabul[=vocable词]+ary=词汇)
advocate v 拥护,倡议(ad增强+voc+ate=增强声音=拥护)
adveocator n 拥护者
convoke v 召集(con共同+vok+e=喊到一起)
convocation n 召集,集会(con+voc+ation)
revoke v 取消,撤回(re回+vok+e=喊回来=取消)
revocable a 可废除的(revoke+able)
irrevocable a 不能改变的(ir不+revocable=不可废除的)
vociferous a 喧闹的(voc+i+fer带来+ous=带来声音的=喧闹的)
evoke v 唤醒,唤起(e出+vok+e=喊出[思想等]=唤醒)
equivoke n 双关语(equi平等+vok+e=有两重声音[平等]=双关语)
equivocal a 双关语,模陵两可的(equi平等+voc+al=平等声音=模陵两可的)
equivocate v 推脱,支吾说谎(equi+voc+ate)
invoke v 请求,使[使[法规]生效(in进+vok+e喊进去=请求)
invocatory a 祈求的(in+voc+atory)
provke v 触怒,煽动(pro前面+vok+e=到[别人]面前喊=激怒)
provocative a 激怒人的,激发人的(pro+voe+ative)
advocate n 拥护者(ad+voc声音+ate)
-ate
(1)表动词,”做,造成”
differentiate v 区别,分比(different不同)
liquidate v 清洗,结清(liquid液体…用液体清洗)
infiltrate v 渗透(in+filtr过滤+ate )
remonstrate v 抗议(re反+monstr显示+ate)
frustrate v 挫败(frustr犯错误+ate)
attenuate v 变薄,变弱(at+tenu薄,细+ate,参考:tenuous纤细的)
(2)表形容词,”具有…的”
collegiate a 大学的(college学院)
considerate a 考虑周到的(consider考虑)
moderate a 有节制的(moder模,规矩)
regenerate a 改过自新的(re 再+gener产生)
inveterate a 积习难改的(in进入+veter老,旧_成为老东西)
innate a “生来的,天赋的(in 在…内+nate出生)”
effeminate a 柔弱的(ef+femin女人)
inanimate a 无生命的(in无+anim生命)
illegitimate a 不合法的,私生的(il不+legitim合法)
(3)表名词,”人或地位”
graduate n 毕业生(gradu等级)
delegate n 代表(de+leg选+ate…选出来的人 …代表)
candidate n 候选人(cand白,古代候选人穿白袍)
advocate n 拥护者(ad+voc声音+ate)
surrogate n 代理人,代替品(sur下面+rog要求…要求做下去…代理)
celibate n 独身者(celib不结婚)
reprobate n 堕落者(re不+prob正直,参考:probity刚直)
doctorate n 博士学位(doctor博士)
electorate n 全体选民(elect选举)
辨析记忆
attorney / lawyer / counsel / advocate
这些名词均含有“律师”之意。
attorney → 主要用于美国,指代理当事人处理遗嘱检验等法律事务的律师,有时可与lawyer通用,泛指辩护律师。
lawyer → 普通用词,指精通法律规则并有权以法律代理人或顾问身份在法庭上执行法律或为委托人服务的人。
counsel → 指单独或集体为当事人提供咨询或出庭处理案件的法律顾问或律师。
advocate → 专指以罗马法律的基本法制的一些国家的(如苏格兰等)和一些特别法庭的律师;也可指出庭辩护的律师。
back / uphold / support / sustain / advocate
这些动词均有“支持,支援,拥护”之意。
back → 通常指对论点、行动、事业等的强有力支持。
uphold → 既可指积极努力对陷入困境者的支持,也可指给某人在行动、道义或信仰上的支持。
support → 含义广泛,多指在道义上或物质上支持某人,也可指对某项事业的支持。
sustain → 侧重指连续不断的支持。
advocate → 多指通过写文章或发表演说等来支持或拥护,往往暗示提倡某事或为某事辩护。
recommend / advocate / propose / suggest / prescribe
这些动词均含“劝告、主张、建议”之意。
recommend → 指向对方提出公开的建议或规劝。
advocate → 指公开表明对某事或某行为的完全赞同,语气强于recommend。
propose → 多指较正式地提出建议。
suggest → 语气较委婉,指提出不成熟的建议或参见意见。
prescribe → 多指医生对病人在用药或饮食等方面的建议。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【六级】What do advocates of goal-setting think of Schweitzer's research

目标设定的倡导者如何看待Schweitzer的研究

【四级】But was positive thinking advocate Norman Vincent Peale right?

但积极思维倡导者诺曼·文森特·皮尔(Norman Vincent Peale)说得对吗?

【考研】The report also advocates greater study of foreign languages, international affairs and the expansion of study abroad programs.

该报告还提倡更多地学习外语、国际事务和扩大留学项目。

【六级】Last summer, Massachusetts grass-fed beef advocate John Smith launched Big Picture Beef, a network of small grass-fed beef farms in New England and New York that is projected to bring to market 2,500 head of cattle from 125 producers this year.

去年夏天,马萨诸塞州草食牛肉倡导者约翰·史密斯(John Smith)推出了“大图牛肉”(Big Picture beef),这是一个由新英格兰和纽约的小型草食牛肉农场组成的网络,预计今年将向市场推出125家生产商的2500头牛。

【四级】Why does Senator Charles Schumer advocate?

参议员查尔斯·舒默为什么主张这样做?

【六级】They advocated equity between men and women.

他们提倡男女平等。

【四级】Pre-K advocates insist it is proven and will succeed if integrated with the rest of the child's schooling.

学前教育的倡导者们坚持认为,这是行之有效的,如果能与孩子的其他教育相结合,就会取得成功。

【六级】Hale wasn't just a writer, she was also a fierce social advocate, and she was particularly obsessed with an ideal New England, which she associated with abundant Thanksgiving meals that she claimed had a deep moral influence.

黑尔不仅是一位作家,她还是一位强烈的社会倡导者,她特别痴迷于理想的新英格兰,她将其与丰富的感恩节大餐联系在一起,她声称这些大餐具有深刻的道德影响。

【四级】Advocates of selfdriving cars argue they will be safer than in cars driven by humans because they wouldn’t get distracted or drive when tired.

自动驾驶汽车的拥护者认为,自动驾驶汽车比人类驾驶的汽车更安全,因为它们不会分心,也不会在疲劳时开车。

【六级】While advocating freedom for animals, they kept their pet mouse in a cage.

在提倡动物自由的同时,他们把宠物老鼠关在笼子里。

【六级】Advocates of the practice have taken issue with his team's use of such evidence as news accounts to support his conclusion that goal-setting is widely over-prescribed.

这种做法的倡导者对他的团队使用新闻报道等证据来支持他的结论提出了异议,即目标设定普遍被过度规定。

【四级】As advocates of the sharing economy like to put it, access trumps ( 胜过) ownership.

正如共享经济的倡导者们喜欢说的那样,访问权胜过了胜过) 所有权。

【考研】Even Tommasini, who had advocated Gilbert’s appointment in the Times, calls him “an unpretentious musician with no air of the formidable conductor about him”.

就连在《泰晤士报》上鼓吹任命吉尔伯特的托马西尼也称他为“一位谦逊的音乐家,身上没有令人敬畏的指挥家的神气”。

【六级】One advocate believes that many other benefits should be taken into consideration when we assess the cost-effectiveness of grass-fed farming.

一位倡导者认为,当我们评估草食农业的成本效益时,应该考虑到许多其他好处。

【六级】Workers' advocates have criticized Haslam's plan, saying it would mean some campus workers would lose their jobs or benefits.

工人拥护者批评哈斯拉姆的计划,称这将意味着一些校园工人将失去工作或福利。

【考研】Rosenberg argues convincingly that public-health advocates ought to take a page from advertisers, so skilled at applying peer pressure.

罗森博格令人信服地辩称,公共卫生倡导者应该向广告商学习,广告商擅长施加同侪压力。

【考研】Especially significant was his view of freedom, which, for him, was associated with the rights and responsibilities of the individual: he advocated freedom of thought and of personal expression.

特别重要的是他的自由观,对他来说,这与个人的权利和责任有关:他提倡思想和个人言论自由。

【六级】In contrast to each of these ideas, Covey advocates that leaders need to understand universal principles of effectiveness, and he highlights how vital it is for leaders to first personally manage themselves if they are to enjoy any hope of outstanding success in their work environments.

与上述每一种观点相反,科维主张领导者需要理解有效性的普遍原则,他强调,如果领导者想要在工作环境中获得卓越成功的希望,首先必须亲自管理自己。

【四级】What does the speaker seem to advocate?

演讲者似乎主张什么?

【考研】She exhibits the idealism common to many advocates of sustainability, be it in food or in energy.

她展示了许多可持续发展倡导者所共有的理想主义,无论是在食品方面还是在能源方面。

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