bacteria
英音 [bækˈtɪəriə]   美音 [bækˈtɪriə]  
CET4/CET6/GRE
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
n.[微] 细菌
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【联想】bac(=back,后背)+te(特)+ria(热)→细菌感染了,后背特别热→bacteria 细菌
【谐音】巴克踢瑞姆的时候产生了细菌→细菌
【对比】
bacteria n.细菌(复数形式)
bacterium n.细菌(单数)
bacterial adj.细菌的
bacteriological细菌学的,[微]细菌学上的
bacteriologic细菌学的
bacteriostatic阻止细菌繁殖法的,抑制细菌的
bacteroidal细菌性的;假细菌的
bacteriology细菌学
bacteriolysis[生化]溶菌作用
单词例句
Ordinary soap, use correctly, can deal with bacteria effectively.
普通肥皂,正确使用,能有效地对付细菌。
Bacteria are an annoying problem for astronauts.
细菌对宇航员来说是一个恼人的问题。
Bacteria will not breed in alcohol.
细菌在酒精里不会繁殖。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【四级】The overall number of bacteria on the surface mattered more, and this decreased over time after the initial introduction.

表面上的细菌总数更为重要,在初次引入后,随着时间的推移,这一数字逐渐减少。

【高考】Consequently, she succeeded in making a kind of candy only using natural sweeteners, which can reduce oral bacteria.

因此,她成功地用天然甜味剂制作了一种糖果,可以减少口腔细菌。

【六级】It's not only the study of human population, but the populations of non-human species, including viruses like influenza, the bacteria in your gut, plants that you eat, animals that you enjoy or that provide you with meat.

这不仅是对人类种群的研究,也是对非人类物种种群的研究,包括流感病毒、肠道细菌、食用植物、喜爱或提供肉类的动物。

【四级】Clarke and her colleagues introduced bacteria to floor tiles (瓷砖) and then placed cookies on the tiles for varying times.

克拉克和她的同事将细菌引入地砖(瓷砖) 然后把饼干放在瓷砖上不同的时间。

【六级】When this water is used for agricultural irrigation, farmers risk absorbing disease-causing bacteria, as do consumers who eat the produce raw and unwashed.

当这些水用于农业灌溉时,农民有可能吸收致病细菌,生吃和未洗农产品的消费者也是如此。

【四级】Bacteria are carried by various 'media', which can include raw food, moist surfaces where bacteria have been left, our hands or skin and from coughing or sneezing (打喷嚏).

细菌是通过各种“媒介”携带的,这些媒介包括生食物、留下细菌的潮湿表面、我们的手或皮肤以及咳嗽或打喷嚏(打喷嚏).

【高考】Bacteria are an annoying problem for astronauts.

细菌对宇航员来说是一个恼人的问题。

【高考】For the past two years, Gordon's students have been studying ways to kill bacteria in zero gravity, and they think they're close to a solution.

在过去的两年里,戈登的学生们一直在研究在零重力下杀死细菌的方法,他们认为他们已经接近解决方案了。

【四级】five minutes after that, we placed either bacon or bread on the surface for 5, 30 or 60 seconds,and then measured the number of bacteria transferred to the food.

五分钟后,我们将培根或面包放在表面5、30或60秒,然后测量转移到食物中的细菌数量。

【四级】These microscopic layers of deposits containing bacteria are known as biofilms and they are found on most surfaces and objects.

这些含有细菌的微小沉积物层被称为生物膜,它们存在于大多数表面和物体上。

【四级】To find out, we introduced bacteria to squares of tile, carpet or wood.

为了找到答案,我们将细菌引入瓷砖、地毯或木头的方块中。

【四级】We found that the number of bacteria transferred to either kind of food didn't depend much on how long the food was in contact with the contaminated surface——whether for a few seconds or for a whole minute.

我们发现转移到这两种食物中的细菌数量与食物与污染表面接触的时间无关——不管是几秒钟还是一分钟。

【四级】Also, certain types of bacteria are extremely harmful, and it takes only a small number to make you sick.

此外,某些类型的细菌是极其有害的,只需一小部分细菌就能让你生病。

【四级】Hands, foods and utensils can carry individual bacteria living in communities contained within a protective film.

手、食物和用具可以携带生活在保护膜内的群落中的单个细菌。

【四级】We wanted to know if the length of time food is in contact with a contaminated surface affected the rate of transfer of bacteria to the food.

我们想知道食物与污染表面接触的时间长短是否会影响细菌向食物的转移速度。

【四级】For example, 10 bacteria or less of an especially deadly strain of bacteria can cause severe illness and death in people with compromised immune systems.

例如,一种特别致命的细菌株中10种或更少的细菌可导致免疫系统受损的人患上严重疾病和死亡。

【四级】When a carpet was contaminated, less than 1% of the bacteria were transferred.

当地毯被污染时,只有不到1%的细菌被转移。

【高考】Ordinary soap, use correctly, can deal with bacteria effectively.

普通肥皂,正确使用,能有效地对付细菌。

【四级】But when the food was in contact with tile or wood, 48-70% of bacteria were.

但是,当食物与瓷砖或木材接触时,48-70%的细菌被杀死。

【六级】In fact, you may have heard about the new "superbugs", which are antibiotic-resistant bacteria that have developed as a result of overprescribed antibiotics.

事实上,你可能听说过新的“超级细菌”,它们是由于过量使用抗生素而产生的抗抗生素细菌。

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