accumulate
英音 [əˈkjuːmjəleɪt]   美音 [əˈkjuːmjəleɪt]  
高中/CET4/CET6/考研/GRE/TOEFL/IELTS
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
vi.累积;积聚
vt.积攒
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【词根】a(=to)+cumul(堆累)+ate(动词后缀)→积累
【串记】Dust accumulated on the insulated simulator in the desolate lab.
灰尘在孤独的实验室在被隔离的模拟器上堆积。
单词例句
He accumulated a good library.
他积累了丰富的藏书。
The more knowledge you will accumulate more wealth.
越多的知识将使你累积更多的财富。
I just want to accumulate some useful experience there.
我只想在那里积累一些有用的经验。
Public evils accumulate.
公害增加了。
拓展记忆
accumulate v 积累
cmul=heap (堆积)
accumulate v 积累
cumulus n 积云
accumulate积累(ac+cumul堆积+ate=堆积起来=积累)
ab-,ac-,ad-,af-,ag-,an-,ap-,ar-,as-,at-等加在同辅音字母的词根前,表示”一再”等加强意
accelerate加速(ac+celer速度=一再增加速度)
accentuate 强调(ac+cent唱歌=一再唱出=强调)
accomplish强制
accumulate积累(ac+cumul堆积+ate=堆积起来=积累)
accustom使习惯(ac+custom习俗=习惯习俗)
addict上瘾,入迷(ad+dict说=一再说起=对……入迷)
additive上瘾的(addict的形容词)
adduce引证,举例(ad+duce引导=一再引导=举例说明)
affable亲切的(af+fable说话=不断可以说话=亲切)
afford买得起(af+ford拿出=一再拿出{钱}=买得起)
affirm肯定(af+firm坚定=肯定)
aggression侵略,进攻(ag+gress走+ion=一再往前走=进攻)
aggrandize扩大(ag+grand大=一再大=扩大[权力]等)
aggravate恶化(ag+grav重+ate病加重)
announce通告(an+nounce通知=通告)
appal使震惊(ap+pal白色=[脸]变白=受惊)
applause鼓掌(ap+pease赞扬=一再赞扬=鼓掌)
appreciate欣赏(ap+reci价值+ate=一再给价=欣赏)
appoint指定,任命(ap+point指=指定)
arrange安排(ar+range排列=安排)
arrest逮捕,阻止(ar+rest休息=不让动=逮捕)
arrive到达(ar+rive河=到达河边=达到目标)
assault进攻(as+saul跳=跳起来=进攻)
assiduous勤奋的(as+sid坐+uous=一再坐着[学习] =勤奋)
assist帮助(as+sist站=站过来=帮助)
associate联合,结合(as+soci社团+ate=结成团队=联合)
assimilate吸收,同化(as+simil相同+ate=成为相同=同化)
assure肯定,确信(as+sure确定=一不再确定=肯定)
attach附上,依恋(at+tach接角=接触上=附上)
attain达到,获得(at+tain拿住=获得)
attend(at+tend关心=关心到了=出度)
attract吸引(拉=拉过来=吸引)
attest证实(at+test试验=一再试验=证实)
辨析记忆
accumulate / amass / collect / gather / heap / pile
这些动词均含“积聚,聚集,积累”之意。
accumulate → 几乎可用于指任何事物量的增加,侧重连续不断地,一点一滴地聚积。
amass → 着重大量地积聚,尤指对如金钱、珠宝等有价值东西的大量积聚。
collect → 普通用词,多用于指物,侧重指有区别地作选择或有安排有计划地把零散物集中起来。
gather → 普通用词,指人或物或抽象事物都可用。侧重于围绕一个中心的集合、聚集。
heap → 主要指把沙、石、煤、草等堆高,不强调整齐。
pile → 着重指比较整齐地把东西堆积在一起。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【四级】The Big Three American carmakers need restructuring to survive because they cannot cope with the ruinous costs accumulated over the post-war years.

美国三大汽车制造商需要重组才能生存,因为它们无法应对战后积累的毁灭性成本。

【四级】they have borrowed too heavily and accumulated too large amounts of debt

他们借了太多的钱,积累了太多的债务

【四级】On the other hand, indicators of a person's accumulated knowledge—like performance on tests of vocabulary and general knowledge—kept improving with age, according to findings published in the journal Neurobiology of Aging.

另一方面,根据发表在《衰老的神经生物学》杂志上的研究结果,一个人积累知识的指标,如词汇测试成绩和一般知识,随着年龄的增长而不断提高。

【考研】And whether the community's work contributes much to an overall accumulation of knowledge is doubtful.

社区的工作是否对知识的全面积累起到了很大的作用值得怀疑。

【六级】my IDP walks her or him through the process of setting short-term goals directed toward accumulating new skills and experiences important for that career choice.

我的IDP指导她或他制定短期目标,以积累对职业选择重要的新技能和经验。

【六级】prevent students from accumulating knowledge

防止学生积累知识

【六级】They practically beg a user to ignore the long-suffering professor struggling to pass on accumulated wisdom from the front of the room - a prospect that teachers find most irritating and students view as, well, inevitable.

他们实际上是在乞求用户忽略这位长期受苦的教授,这位教授正努力从教室前面传授积累的智慧——老师们觉得这种前景最令人恼火,学生们也认为这是不可避免的。

【四级】they cannot cope with the ruinous costs accumulated over the post-war years.

他们无法应付战后积累的毁灭性成本。

【四级】But an accumulating body of research indicates that some distinctions between one type of elder care and another have little real bearing on how well residents do.

但越来越多的研究表明,一种类型的老年人护理和另一种类型的老年人护理之间的一些区别对住院医生的表现几乎没有实际影响。

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