assumption
英音 [əˈsʌmpʃn]   美音 [əˈsʌmpʃn]  
高中/CET4/CET6/考研/GRE/TOEFL/IELTS
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
n.假定;设想;担任;采取
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【词根】assume(v.假设)+ption(名词后缀)→assumption(n.假设)
【词根】as(当作、像……那样)+sume(拿住)+ption(名词后缀)→当作拿住了→assumption(n.假设)
单词例句
It is very likely that your assumption is wrong.
很有可能,你的假定是错的.
They are based on wrong assumptions.
它们基于错误的假设。
It can’t make that assumption without approval of the user!
没有经过用户同意,它不能胡乱猜测!”
拓展记忆
assumption n 假设,承担(as+sumpt+ion)
sum, sumpt = take 表示”拿,取”
consume v 消费,吃光(con全部+sum+c=全部拿光=消费)
consumer n 消费者(consume消费+er人)
consuming a 消耗性的
assume a 承担,假装,假定(as加强动作+sum+e=拿往=承担[责任])
assumption n 假设,承担(as+sumpt+ion)
resume v 拿回,恢复(自由等)(re回+sun+e=拿回去,也可解释为重新拿起,继续)
reassume v 取回,再担任(re再+assume承担)
presume v 假定,自以为是(pre预先+sum+e=预先拿往=假定)
presumption n 假定,专横(pre+sumpt+ion)
sumptuous a 奢侈的(sumpt+uous=[把钱]拿出去=奢侈的)
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【考研】California has asked the justices to refrain from a sweeping ruling particularly one that upsets the old assumption that authorities may search through the possessions of suspects at the time of their arrest.

加利福尼亚州已要求大法官避免作出全面裁决,特别是一项推翻了当局可能在嫌疑人被捕时搜查其财产的旧假设的裁决。

【四级】They are based on wrong assumptions.

它们基于错误的假设。

【六级】For all of these reasons, some colleges like Hartwick are rethinking the old way of doing things and questioning decades-old assumptions about what a college degree means.

出于所有这些原因,像哈特威克这样的一些大学正在重新思考旧的做事方式,并质疑几十年来关于大学学位意味着什么的假设。

【考研】On the assumption that they will become relevant later, you make a mental note of discourse entities as well as possible links between them.

假设它们以后会变得相关,你会在心里记下话语实体以及它们之间可能的联系。

【高考】An assumption behind UK insurance for driverless cars, introduced earlier this year, insists that a human "be watchful and monitoring the road" at every moment.

今年早些时候推出的英国无人驾驶汽车保险背后的一个假设,坚持认为人类“时刻保持警惕并监控道路”。

【六级】Assumptions about genetic differences between people of different races could be particularly dangerous in a medical setting.

关于不同种族的人之间基因差异的假设在医疗环境中可能特别危险。

【考研】California has asked the justices to refrain from a sweeping ruling, particularly one that upsets the old assumption that authorities may search through the possessions of suspects at the time of their arrest.

加利福尼亚州已要求大法官避免作出全面裁决,特别是一项推翻了当局可能在嫌疑人被捕时搜查其财产的旧假设的裁决。

【四级】The assumption is that children shouldn't chat in the classroom because it hinders hard work; instead, they should learn to delay gratification so that they can pursue abstract goals, like going to college.

假设是孩子们不应该在教室里聊天,因为这会妨碍努力学习;相反,他们应该学会延迟满足感,这样才能追求抽象的目标,比如上大学。

【六级】It IS a false assumption that lessons should be made easier to learn.

认为课程应该更容易学习是错误的。

【四级】A reasonable assumption—don't families struggle to avoid nursing homes and suffer real guilt if they can't? In the initial results, assisted living residents did paint the most positive picture.

一个合理的假设是,如果不能,家庭是否会努力逃避养老院,并遭受真正的内疚?在最初的结果中,辅助生活居民确实描绘了最积极的画面。

【四级】The assumption is that children shouldn't chat in the classroom because it hinders hard work; instead, they should learn to delay gratification ( ' , 快乐 ) so that they can pursue abstract goals, like going to college.

假设是孩子们不应该在教室里聊天,因为这会妨碍努力学习;相反,他们应该学会延迟满足(“,快乐 ) 这样他们就可以追求抽象的目标,比如上大学。

【高考】A thoughtful official passed on some of the copies to the park authorities on the assumption that they might make a nice blow-up for one of the visitors' centers.

一位深思熟虑的官员将其中一些副本转交给了公园管理局,因为他们认为这些副本可能会对其中一个游客中心造成很大的破坏。

【高考】When serious illness visits your household, it's not just your daily routine and your assumptions about the future that are no longer familiar.

当重病降临你的家庭时,不再熟悉的不仅仅是你的日常生活和你对未来的设想。

【考研】This is the famed citation index, that is to say the number of times a paper has been quoted elsewhere in the scientific literature, the assumption being that an important paper will be cited more often than one of small account.

这是著名的引文索引,也就是说一篇论文在科学文献中被引用的次数,假设一篇重要的论文被引用的次数比一篇小论文要多。

【考研】Allen‘s contribution was to take an assumption we all share-that because we are not robots we therefore control our thoughts-and reveal its erroneous nature.

艾伦的贡献是假设我们都同意,因为我们不是机器人,所以我们可以控制我们的思想并揭示它的错误本质。

【四级】A reasonable assumption—don't families struggle to avoid nursing homes and suffer real guilt if they can't?

一个合理的假设是,如果不能,家庭是否会努力逃避养老院,并遭受真正的内疚?

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英语单词:assumption
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