ability
英音 [əˈbɪləti]   美音 [əˈbɪləti]  
高中/CET4/CET6/考研/TOEFL/IELTS
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
n.能力,能耐;才能
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【词根】able[abl,bili=able,表示"能力"]能够+lity(名词后缀)→能力
【谐音】我背了题→所以能力强了,不怕考试了
【谐音】a(一)+bi(逼)+li(你)+ty(题)→一道逼你深入思考的题,考验你的能力
单词例句
He suits with his ability.
以他的能力,他可以胜任。
The committee lacked a correct estimate of his ability.
委员会对他的能力缺乏正确的评价。
As to ability, I am not your match.
讲能力,我不如你。
f you have a musical ability, you should use it.
如果你有音乐的能力,你可以使用它。
拓展记忆
ability n 能力
ubl, bili=able,表示”能力”
able a 能够的
ability n 能力
habilitate v 装备,使具备能力(h可看作have+abilit+ate=有能力=使具备能力)
rehabilitate v 修复,翻新,使健康,改造(犯罪)(re重新+hubiliate具备能力)
debilitate v 削弱力量,使衰弱(de去掉+abilit+ate=去掉能力=使衰弱)
debility n 体弱,虚弱(de去掉+ability能力)
辨析记忆
ability / capacity / capability / genius / talent / competence / faculty / gift / aptitude
这些名词均可表示人的“能力,才能”之意。
ability → 普通用词,指人先天的或学来的各种能力。
capacity → 侧重指人的潜在能力,通常不指体力,多指才智,尤指接受与领悟能力。
capability → 多用于人,指胜任某项具体工作的能力,也指本身具有、尚未发挥的潜在能力。常与of或for连用。
genius → 语气最强,指天赋的高度才能与智力。
talent → 着重指人某方面具有可发展和倍养的突出天赋才能,但语意比genius弱。
competence → 正式用词,侧重指令人满意的业务能力与水平,达到胜任某项工作等的要求。
faculty → 指特殊的才能或智力。
gift → 着重个人的天赋的才能或在某方面的显著本领,常暗含不能用一般规律作解释的意味。
aptitude → 多指先天或后天习得的运用自如的能力,常暗示接受能力强,能迅速掌握一种学术训练或艺术技巧。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【考研】In a 2019 survey of University of Georgia students, meanwhile, the career office found the most desirable trait in a future employer was the ability to offer secure employment followed by professional development and training, and then inspiring purpose.

在对乔治亚大学学生进行的2019次调查中,职业办公室发现未来雇主最有希望的特质是提供稳定就业的能力,其次是专业发展和培训,然后是鼓舞人心的目的。

【高考】Her eagerness to develop her reading ability.

她渴望发展自己的阅读能力。

【考研】To a certain extent, our ability to excel in making the connections that drive intelligence is inherited.

在某种程度上,我们在建立驱动智能的连接方面表现出色的能力是遗传的。

【六级】Developing independent and creative thinking abilities.

培养独立和创造性思维能力。

【六级】exports are rising because more foreigners have the ability to buy the things we produce and market.

出口正在增长,因为越来越多的外国人有能力购买我们生产和销售的东西。

【六级】Cognitive decline is the loss of ability to learn new skills, or recall words, names, and faces that is most common as we age.

认知衰退是指随着年龄的增长,学习新技能或回忆单词、姓名和面孔的能力的丧失。

【四级】The team found that exerciser educed the speed of rapid eye movements by about 8%, preventing their ability to capture new visual information.

研究小组发现,锻炼者使眼球快速运动的速度降低了约8%,阻止了他们捕捉新视觉信息的能力。

【高考】Children may have greater ability to figure out things than scientists.

儿童可能比科学家有更大的理解事物的能力。

【四级】Their babies retain the ability to produce their own chlorophyll, though they can't generate energy from sunlight until they've eaten enough algae to steal the necessary genes, which they can't yet produce on their own.

他们的孩子保留了自己产生叶绿素的能力,尽管他们在吃了足够多的海藻以窃取必要的基因之前无法从阳光中产生能量,而这些基因是他们自己还无法产生的。

【四级】Another group of helpless children who were simply rewarded for their success on easier problems did not improve their ability to solve hard math problems.

另一组无助的孩子仅仅因为他们在较容易的问题上取得了成功而得到奖励,但并没有提高他们解决数学难题的能力。

【四级】If the law isn't there, people will drive within their ability range.

如果法律不存在,人们将在其能力范围内驾驶。

【四级】In particular, attributing poor performance to a lack of ability depresses motivation more than does the belief that lack of effort is to blame.

特别是,将糟糕的表现归因于缺乏能力比认为缺乏努力更能抑制动机。

【四级】A study in Sweden indicated that kindergarten children who could play in a natural environment had less illness and greater physical ability than children used only to a normal playground.

瑞典的一项研究表明,能够在自然环境中玩耍的幼儿园儿童比只在普通游乐场玩耍的儿童患病率低,身体能力强。

【四级】Their flexibility determines one's abilities.

他们的灵活性决定了一个人的能力。

【六级】Their ability to deal with financial problems

他们处理财务问题的能力

【考研】Even as we humans count on forests to soak up a good share of the carbon dioxide we produce, we are threatening their ability to do so.

即使我们人类指望森林吸收我们产生的大量二氧化碳,我们也在威胁他们这样做的能力。

【高考】This affects their nervous systems and ability to produce baby birds, and can lead to kidney failures and death.

这会影响它们的神经系统和繁殖小鸟的能力,并可能导致肾衰竭和死亡。

【高考】Part of this ability is that they can infer what others know or are thinking.

这种能力的一部分是他们可以推断出别人知道或在想什么。

【考研】But a boost in the storage capacity of batteries is making their ability to keep power flowing around the clock more likely.

但是,电池存储容量的提高使其更可能24小时保持电力流动。

【四级】She was designed to slowly improve her ability to handle conversations, but some people were teaching Taylor racist ideas.

她被设计来慢慢提高自己处理对话的能力,但有些人在传授泰勒种族主义思想。

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