alter
英音 [ˈɔːltə(r)]   美音 [ˈɔːltər]  
高中/CET4/CET6/考研/GRE/TOEFL/IELTS
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
vt.改变,更改
vi.改变;修改
n.(Alter) (美、德)阿尔特(人名)
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【词根】al(all都)+ter(turn,改变)→全部都改变→改变
【词根】alt([alter,altern,ali=other,to change表示"其他的,改变状态"])+er(东西)→变成另一个东西→改变
【联想】键盘上Alt键的英文全称即alternative,意思是可选的
【串记】
The tilted salt filters halt alternately for altering.
倾斜的盐过滤器交替地停下以便改造。
【对比】
alert 警报
alter 改变
单词例句
These clothes must be altered.
这些衣服得修改。
The weather alters almost daily.
天气几乎天天变化。
Life needs to be altered.
生活需要被改变。
拓展记忆
alter变更,改变(alter其他的=变成(其它的))
alter, altern, ali=other, to change, 表示”其他的,改变状态”
alter变更,改变(alter其他的=变成(其它的))
alterable可改变的(alter+able能…的)
alteration改造,改变(alter+ation表名词)
alternation交互,交错(alternate+ion)
alternative二者择一(的)(来自alternate交替,交替选择的方法)
alien外国的,外来的(ali+en表形容词或名词=其他地方的=外国的,外国人的)
alienate疏远(alien外国的+ate=把别人当外国人=疏远)
辨析记忆
change / alter / vary / convert / modify / transform / turn
这些动词均含有“变化,改变”之意。
change → 指任何变化,完全改变,强调与原先的情况有明显的不同。
alter → 常指轻微的改变,强调基本上保持原物、原状的情况下所进行的部分改变。
vary → 暗示不规则或断断续续地变。
convert → 指进行全部或局部改变以适应新的功能或用途。指信仰或态度时,强调较激烈、大的改变。
modify → 强调起限定作用的变化或变更。指细小的变化,常含“缓和、降调”的意味。
transform → 指人或物在形状、外观、形式、性质等方面发生的彻底变化,失去原状成为全新的东西。
turn → 指外形、颜色、气味、性质等方面的变化,比change更通俗。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【考研】They could still invalidate Fourth Amendment protections when facing severe, urgent circumstances, and they could take reasonable measures to ensure that phone data are not erased or altered while a warrant is pending.

在面临严峻、紧急的情况时,他们仍然可以使《第四修正案》的保护失效,并且他们可以采取合理的措施确保手机数据在搜查令悬而未决期间不会被删除或更改。

【六级】Harvard Business School professor Leslie Perlow explains that when people feel the pressure to be always on, they find ways to accommodate that pressure, including altering their schedules, work habits and interactions with family and friends.

哈佛商学院教授Leslie Perlow解释说,当人们感到压力时,他们会想方设法适应这种压力,包括改变日程安排、工作习惯以及与家人和朋友的互动。

【六级】If you want to change his course, you have only a few choices: you can stop him, transferring ( ' , possibly painfully) some of his kinetic energy ( ' , 动能 ) to your own body, or you can approach alongside and slowly apply pressure to gradually alter his course.

如果你想改变他的路线,你只有几个选择:你可以阻止他,转移(可能是痛苦地)他的一些动能,动能 ) 或者你可以靠近他,慢慢施加压力,逐渐改变他的路线。

【四级】We can't do much to alter sedentary lifestyles, but we can provide consumers with great-tasting products, low in salt, sugar and fat.

我们无法改变久坐的生活方式,但我们可以为消费者提供美味的产品,低盐、低糖、低脂肪。

【六级】The passive attitude we have to climate change as individuals can be altered by counting us in — and measuring us against - our peer group.

作为个体,我们对气候变化的消极态度可以通过将我们算在我们的同龄人群体中——并与之相对照——来改变。

【六级】If you want to change his course, you have only a few choices: you can stop him, transferring possibly painfullysome of his kinetic energy to your own body, or toucan approach alongside and slowly apply pressure to gradually alter his course.

如果你想改变他的路线,你只有几个选择:你可以阻止他,可能痛苦地将他的一些动能转移到你自己的身体,或者巨嘴鸟靠近并慢慢施加压力,逐渐改变他的路线。

【考研】The key to reforming higher education, concludes Mr. Menand, is to alter the way in which "the producers of knowledge are produced."

梅南德总结道,改革高等教育的关键是改变“知识生产者”的生产方式

【四级】There are a lot of existing perceptions about British food and so we can't alter these too much.

对英国食物有很多现有的看法,所以我们不能改变太多。

【四级】Although this incident very much alters the race of the two participants competing for a win, both are going to continue on their way toward the finish line.

尽管这一事件极大地改变了两名参赛者争夺胜利的比赛,但他们都将继续朝着终点线前进。

【六级】Our living habits are altered

我们的生活习惯改变了

【考研】We often hear media reports that an unauthorized hacker has been able to access a computer database and to alter information stored there.

我们经常听到媒体报道说,一名未经授权的黑客能够访问计算机数据库并更改存储在那里的信息。

【考研】Menand, is to alter the way in which “the producers of knowledge are produced”.

Menand的目的是改变“知识的生产者”的生产方式。

【考研】An awareness that they were being experimented upon seemed to be enough to alter workers' behavior by itself.

他们正在试验的意识似乎足以改变工人的行为本身。

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