advise
英音 [ədˈvaɪz]   美音 [ədˈvaɪz]  
高中/CET4/CET6
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
vt.建议;劝告,忠告;通知;警告
vi.建议;与…商量
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【词根】向前(ad)+vis(看,[vis,vid=see表示"看"])+e→使[别人]看到→劝告[别人]
【串记】
The vice-adviser advised the reviser to devise a device for getting rid of vice.
代理顾问建议校订者想出一个根除恶习的计策。
单词例句
Please advise us of the dispatch of the goods.
请将货物交运时间通知我们。
I always hesitate to advise my friends on what to read.
我总是不大愿意指点我的朋友们该看些什么书。
I advise you not to attend that Party.
我劝你不要参加那个聚会。
拓展记忆
advise v 忠告,劝告(ad使+vis+e使[别人]看到=劝告[别人])
vis,vid=see表示”看”
visidle a 可见的
vison n 视力,眼界
visonary a 幻想的(vision+ary)
visual a 视力的
visualize v 使具体化(visual视力+ize=使[大家]看到=具体化)
advise v 忠告,劝告(ad使+vis+e使[别人]看到=劝告[别人])
advisory a 劝告的
previse v 先见,预言(pre预先+vis+e=预先看=先见)
revise v 修正,改订(re再+vis+e=再看一遍=修正)
revision n 修正,校订本
supervise v 监督(super在上面+vis+e=在上面看=监督)
supervisor v 想象,设想(en进入+vis+age=进入看的状态)
evident a 明显的(e出+vid+ent=看出来了=明显的)
evidence n 证据,证人(e+vid+ence=[明显的证据])
invidious a 招嫉妒的,有害的(in 不+vid+jous=看上去不好的=有害的)
provide v 预备,供给(pro提前+vid+e=提前看好=预备,提供)
providence n 粮食,条款(预备或提供的东西=粮食等)
provisional a 临时的,备用的(准备好粮食备用)
provident a 深谋远虑的(pro向前+vid+ent=向前看的=有远见的)
providence n 准备,深谋远虑
improvident a 浪费的(im不+provident=没有远见的=有钱就花=浪费的)
envy v 毒剂(en+vy[=vid]看到[别人]=妒忌)
envious a 妒忌的
辨析记忆
advise / caution / warn / admonish / counsel
这些动词均有“劝告、忠告、警告”之意。
advise → 普通用词,泛指劝告,不涉及对方是否听从劝告。
caution → 主要指针对有潜在危险而提出的警告,含小心从事的意味。
warn → 含义与caution相同,但语气较重,尤指重后果。
admonish → 一般指年长者或领导对已犯错误的或有过失的人提出的忠告或警告以避免类似错误。
counsel → 正式用词,语气比advise强一些,侧重指对重要问题提出的劝告、建议或咨询。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【高考】If you are a student studying the arts, chances are you have been ill-advised to have a plan b.

如果你是一名学习艺术的学生,你很可能被错误地建议制定b计划。

【六级】Health experts advise that the average woman should consume about 2,000 calories a day and a man about 2,500 calories to maintain a healthy weight.

健康专家建议,为了保持健康的体重,女性平均每天应摄入约2000卡路里,男性平均每天应摄入约2500卡路里。

【四级】Michael Soupios suggests that we should stop and think carefully about our priorities in lifeAncient philosophers strongly advise that we do good.

迈克尔·苏皮奥斯建议我们应该停下来仔细思考我们生活中的优先事项古代哲学家强烈建议我们做好事。

【六级】Since children from poor families often are identified as at-risk for academic failure, teachers believe that advising families to speak English only is appropriate.

由于贫困家庭的孩子经常被认为有学习失败的风险,老师们认为建议家庭只说英语是合适的。

【六级】Advising non-English-speaking families to speak only English is overwhelming to telling them not to communicate with or interact with their children

建议不讲英语的家庭只讲英语,这比告诉他们不要与孩子交流或互动更为重要

【四级】In other departments, a new student is assigned a faculty adviser based on some system of distribution of the xa0departments advising load.

在其他院系,根据XA0院系的一些分配系统,为新生分配教员顾问。

【六级】To advise couples to think twice before having children.

建议夫妇在生孩子前三思而后行。

【四级】The author was advised against the improper use of figures of speech.

有人劝作者不要不当使用比喻。

【高考】During the last few years, business executives and book writers looking for a new way to advise corporate America have been exploiting Shakespeare's wisdom for profitable ends.

在过去的几年里,寻求为美国企业提供建议的新途径的企业高管和书籍作者一直在利用莎士比亚的智慧来实现有利可图的目的。

【高考】When the world is "waving a chair in your face", you're advised to make a quick decision.

当这个世界“在你面前挥舞着椅子”时,建议你迅速做出决定。

【高考】I had advised the kids that while verbs may seem dull, most of the clever things they do throughout their lives will be verbs.

我曾建议孩子们,虽然动词可能看起来很枯燥,但他们一生中做的大多数聪明的事情都是动词。

【六级】However, some nutritionists advise against switching to a totally strict vegetarian diet

然而,一些营养学家建议不要转向完全严格的素食

【六级】The ninth-grader is advised to go to his teacher or the principal to discuss his concerns.

建议九年级学生去找他的老师或校长讨论他的问题。

【六级】So, what would you advise the singers to do?

那么,你会建议歌手们怎么做?

【高考】He advised him to slow down and take things easy.

他建议他放慢脚步,放轻松。

【高考】The writer advises users of social media to read the terms and conditions even if there is a kitemark.

作者建议社交媒体用户阅读条款和条件,即使有风筝标记。

【四级】Donna helped the people of the village to organize an irrigation project, and she also advised them on planting corps that didn't require much water.

唐娜帮助村里的人组织了一个灌溉项目,她还建议他们种植不需要太多水的作物。

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