alone
英音 [əˈləʊn]   美音 [əˈloʊn]  
高中/CET4/CET6/考研/TOEFL/IELTS
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
adj.独自的;单独的;单干的;孤独的;仅仅的;唯一的
adv.独自地;单独地;单干地;只,仅仅;仅仅……就;唯一地;独力地
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【词根】all(全部)+ one(一个)→只有一个人→太孤独了→孤独的
【词根】a(一个)+lone(孤独的)→alone(孤独的)
【词源】alone 单独的来自短语all one。
单词例句
He leaves alone.
他一个人离开了。
I feel alone.
我感觉很孤独。
辨析记忆
only / single / sole / unique / alone
这些形容词均可表示“唯一的”之意。
only → 普通用词,常可与sole换用,但侧重仅限于指定的人或物,而不需要更多。
single → 语气较强,强调仅此一个,再无第二个。
sole → 语气强于only,指仅有一个或一群,只考虑这一个或这一群。
unique → 非正式用词,侧重在一类中唯一无可匹敌、无与伦比的特征。
alone → 着重专指某人或某物,而不是别的。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【六级】Nearly nine million Americans alone suffer from the illness.

仅美国就有近900万人患有这种疾病。

【四级】In the UK alone, there are around 30 million cars.

仅在英国,就有大约3000万辆汽车。

【六级】But Sadoway isn't alone in trumpeting energy storage as a missing link to a cleaner, more efficient, and more equitable energy future.

但萨多威并不是唯一一个鼓吹能源储存是通往更清洁、更高效、更公平的能源未来的缺失环节的人。

【六级】Two world wars and a Great Depression rocked the confidence of many people that scientific expertise alone could create a prosperous and ordered world.

两次世界大战和一次大萧条动摇了许多人的信心,他们相信只有科学知识才能创造一个繁荣有序的世界。

【高考】In the United States alone, over 100 million cell-phones are thrown away each year.

仅在美国,每年就有超过1亿部手机被丢弃。

【考研】It insists that economic co-ordination should involve all 27 members of the EU club, among whom there is a small majority for free-market liberalism and economic rigour; in the inner core alone, Germany fears, a small majority favour French interference.

它坚持认为,经济协调应该包括欧盟俱乐部的所有27个成员,其中支持自由市场自由主义和经济严谨的占少数;德国担心,仅在核心国内部,就有一小部分人赞成法国的干预。

【四级】At follow-up meetings, he urged parents to join him in advocating a "whole child" approach to schooling that respects "social-emotional development" and "deep and meaningful learning" over academics alone.

在后续会议上,他敦促家长们和他一起倡导一种“全儿童”的教育方式,尊重“社会情感发展”和“深入而有意义的学习”,而不仅仅是学术。

【考研】Buy all your clothes once with a stylist instead of shopping alone, one article of clothing at a time.

与设计师一起一次性购买你所有的衣服,而不是一个人购物,一次只买一件衣服。

【四级】They feared neither spouse could manage alone.

他们担心两人都无法独自生活。

【六级】Such wariness is well founded: statistics show, for example, that a teenage driver with a same-age passenger in the car is at higher risk of a fatal crash than an adolescent driving alone or with an adult.

这种谨慎是有根据的:例如,统计数据显示,与单独驾驶或与成年人一起驾驶相比,与同龄乘客一起驾驶的青少年驾驶员发生致命车祸的风险更高。

【四级】million of them in 2012 alone.

仅2012年就有100万人。

【六级】Could utility alone justify the new ideas of the American designers?

单凭效用就足以证明美国设计师的新想法是正确的吗?

【考研】The Constitutional principles that Washington alone has the power to.

只有华盛顿有权遵守的宪法原则。

【四级】The subjects who had an audience did worse than the subjects who did alone.

有观众的受试者比单独观看的受试者表现更差。

【六级】She expects that this will make women more careful when they walk around Green Ville alone at night Fortunately, there were usually no murders in Green Ville

她预计,这将使女性在夜间独自在格林维尔周围走动时更加小心幸运的是,格林维尔通常没有谋杀案

【四级】In the last year alone, despite an increase in the UK population and a subsequent rise in the number of households, sales of toilet paper fell by 2%, with the average household reducing their toilet roll spending from £43 in 2014 to £41 in 2015.

仅去年一年,尽管英国人口增加,家庭数量随之增加,但卫生纸的销售下降了2%,普通家庭的卫生纸支出从2014年的43英镑降至2015年的41英镑。

【四级】Some birds fly in groups for safety, while others fly alone.

一些鸟为了安全成群飞行,而另一些鸟独自飞行。

【六级】Multiples can be deployed in combination for more complex missions than could be achieved by one CubeSat alone.

多颗卫星可以组合部署,以执行比一颗立方体卫星更复杂的任务。

【考研】However, Allen believed that the unconscious mind generates as much action as the conscious mind, and while we may be able to sustain the illusion of control through the conscious mind alone, in reality we are continually faced with a question: “Why cannot I make myself do this or achieve that? ”Since desire and will are damaged by the presence of thoughts that do not accord with desire, Allen concluded : “ We do not attract what we want, but what we are.

然而,艾伦认为,潜意识产生的行动与意识产生的行动一样多,虽然我们可能能够通过意识维持控制幻觉,但实际上我们不断面临一个问题:“为什么我不能让自己做这件事或实现那件事?”因为欲望和意志会受到艾伦总结道:“我们吸引的不是我们想要的,而是我们自己。”。

【四级】And McDonald's wasn't alone in slowing down: Other chains also saw their drive-through performance slow down.

麦当劳并不是唯一一家放慢速度的连锁店:其他连锁店也看到他们的直通车业绩放缓。

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