assign
英音 [əˈsaɪn]   美音 [əˈsaɪn]  
高中/CET4/CET6/考研/IELTS
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
vt.分配;指派;[计][数] 赋值
vi.将财产过户(尤指过户给债权人)
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【词根】a(=to)+sign(签名)→去签名,然后才能被分配任务→assign分配、指派
【词根】as(一再)+sign(标志、信号)→不断给人信号→assign指定
【对比】
sign v.签名、记号
assign v.指派
assignment n.任务
assigned adj.
resign v.辞职
design n./v.设计
ensign n.旗帜、国旗
单词例句
The monitors were assigned to take notes for the meeting.
班长们被分派作会议记录.
Assigning students' lodging randomly is not a good policy.
随机分配学生住宿不是一项好政策。
Experienced resident advisors should be assigned to handle the problems.
应指派经验丰富的驻地顾问处理这些问题。
She had been brought up on a farm, so the Peace Corps assigned her to an agricultural project.
她在农场长大,所以和平队把她分配到一个农业项目。
拓展记忆
assign v 分配,指定(as+sign=不断给人信号=指定)
sign=mark,表示”记号,信号”
signal n 信号
signalize v 通知,发信号(signal信号+ize)
assign v 分配,指定(as+sign=不断给人信号=指定)
assignment n 分配,指定(assign+ment)
signature n 签名,盖章(sign+ature=记号的东西=签名)
signet n 印,图章(sign+et做记号=图章)
signify v 表示,象征(sign+ify=用信号表示=象征)
significance n 重要,意义(sign+ific带有+ance=带有信号=[有]意义)
significant a 有意义的
consign v 委托,寄存(con共同+sign=共同做记号=把…委托[别人])
consignment n 交付,委托(consign+ment)
design n/v 计划,设计(de着重+sign=着重做记号=设计)
designate v 指示,指定(de+sign+ate=着重指定)
designation n 指定,任命(designate+ion)
ensign n 国旗,军舰旗(en内+sign=内部标志=国旗)
insignia n 徽章,标识(in内+sign+ia=内部标志物=国徽)
resign v 辞职,放弃(re再+sign=再做记号=再签字=[任职签一次],辞职签一次)
resignation n 辞职,听天由命
辨析记忆
appoint / designate / assign / name / nominate
这些动词均有“任命,委派”之意。
appoint → 通常指不经过选择的官方委任。
designate → 书面用语,侧重当权者或机构的选拔或任命,有时含强行指定的意味。
assign → 常指给一群人或个人分配、分派、指派或委派任务。
name → 普通用词,着重任命的结果,而不是过程。
nominate → 通常指为某一公职选择候选人,并将其提交给有决定权的人作最后决定。
assign / distribute / divide / allocate
这些动词均含“分配,分发”之意。
assign → 指按照某种原则进行的硬性分配,也不一定是很公平的。
distribute → 通常指以整体或定量分为若干份来分配。
divide → 普通用词,侧重将某物分成若干份分配给他人,当某物一分为二时,含平均分配之意。
allocate → 主要指金钱、财产、权力或领土等的分配,着重分配的比例和专门用途。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【四级】Lodging is assigned to students of different races without exception.

住宿毫无例外地分配给不同种族的学生。

【四级】Experienced resident advisors should be assigned to handle the problems.

应指派经验丰富的驻地顾问处理这些问题。

【六级】One of the ways in which all agents seem to make decisions is that they assign a lower weighting to outcomes that are going to be further away in the future, he says.

他说,所有代理人做出决策的方式之一似乎是,他们对未来将要发生的结果赋予较低的权重。

【四级】According to two recent studies, randomly assigned roommates of different races are more likely to experience conflicts so strained that one roommate will move out

根据最近的两项研究,随机分配的不同种族的室友更有可能经历紧张的冲突,以至于一个室友会搬走

【四级】The school randomly assigns roommates without regard to race

学校不分种族随机分配室友

【六级】That same study found that randomly assigned interracial roommates at Ohio State broke up before the end of the quarter about twice as often as same-race roommates.

同一项研究发现,俄亥俄州立大学随机分配的跨种族室友在本季度末前分手的频率大约是同一种族室友的两倍。

【六级】I've been assigned to cover the governess speech today.

我被派去报道今天家庭教师的演讲。

【四级】She had been brought up on a farm, so the Peace Corps assigned her to an agricultural project.

她在农场长大,所以和平队把她分配到一个农业项目。

【四级】In other departments, a new student is assigned a faculty adviser based on some system of distribution of the xa0departments advising load.

在其他院系,根据XA0院系的一些分配系统,为新生分配教员顾问。

【六级】What's more, grades are not only an educational device but are also part of a screening system to help assign kids to their next class or program.

更重要的是,成绩不仅是一种教育手段,也是筛选系统的一部分,帮助分配孩子到下一个班级或项目。

【六级】historically, scientists have objected to sharing for many reasons: It is a lot of work; until recently, good databases did not exist; grant funders were not pushing for sharing; It has been difficult to agree on standards for formatting data; and there i

从历史上看,科学家反对分享的原因很多:这是一项大量的工作;直到最近,还没有好的数据库;赠款资助者没有推动分享;很难就格式化数据的标准达成一致;我在那里

【四级】He cannot get access to the assigned book.

他无法访问指定的书籍。

【六级】What did the study find about randomly assigned interracial roommates at Ohio State University?

关于俄亥俄州立大学随机分配的跨种族室友,研究发现了什么?

【六级】Fazio's Indiana study found that three times as many randomly assigned interracial roommates were no longer living together at the end of the semester, compared with white roommates

法齐奥在印第安纳州的研究发现,与白人室友相比,随机分配的跨种族室友在学期末不再住在一起的人数是白人室友的三倍

【四级】We're not trying to assign blame or criticize anyone or call anyone consciously sexist.

我们并不试图指责或批评任何人,也不认为任何人有意识地存在性别歧视。

【四级】Each of the 300 arriving ninth graders are randomly(随机地) assigned to one of the houses.

300名到达的九年级学生中的每一个都是随机的(随机地) 分配给其中一所房子。

【四级】Several recent studies have found that being randomly (随机地) assigned to a roommate of another race can lead to increased tolerance but also to a greater likelihood (可能性)of conflict.

最近的几项研究发现(随机地) 分配给另一个种族的室友可以增加容忍度,但也有更大的可能性(可能性)冲突。

【六级】So how do people assign traits to an object?

那么,人们如何将特征分配给对象呢?

【四级】What was Donna assigned to do in Brazil

唐娜被指派在巴西做什么

【四级】Academic departments vary in their procedures for assigning academic advisers to graduate students.

学术部门为研究生指派学术顾问的程序各不相同。

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