absorb
英音 [əbˈzɔːb]   美音 [əbˈzɔːrb]  
高中/CET4/CET6/考研/GRE/TOEFL/IELTS
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
vt.吸收;吸引;承受;理解;使…全神贯注
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【词根】ab加强语气+sorb吸收→吸收[ab-,abs-加在词根前,表示"相反,变坏,离去"等]
【谐音】ab(阿爸)+sorb(嗍吧)→吸收
【谐音】俺被收编→吸收
单词例句
The distracted reader can't be absorbed in the abstract extract.
心神纷乱的读者无法专心于抽象的节录.
Can your brain absorb all this information?
你的脑袋能吸收这全部信息吗?
The question is whether the markets can absorb these demands for funds.
问题是市场是否能够吸收央银提供的这些资金。
Cotton gloves absorb sweat.
棉手套吸汗。
拓展记忆
absorbent n 吸收剂(absorb吸收)
-ent
(1)表示形容词,”…的”
transient a 短暂的(trans转移+i+ent)
sentient a 有知觉的(sent感觉+i+ent)
prevalent a 流行的,盛行的(来自动词prevail.pre+vail力量)
obedient a 服从的(obey服从)
indigent a 贫穷的(贫困+ent)
pungent a 刺鼻的(pung尖,刺+ent)
confident a 自信的(con全部+fid相信+ent)
excellent a 杰出的(excel超越,ex+cel上升)
insistent a 坚持的(insist坚持)
(2)表名词,”…药剂”
detergent n 洗涤剂(deterg擦净+ent,参考:deterge擦净,洗净)
absorbent n 吸收剂(absorb吸收)
solvent n 溶剂(solve溶解)
reagent n 化学试剂(re+agent试剂)
(3)表名词,”…人”
student n 学生(study学习)
president n 总统,校长(preside主持)
antecedent n 先行者(ante前+ced走+ent)
resident n 居民(inhabit居住)
correspondent n 通信者(correspond通信)
absorb 吸收(ab+sorb吸收=吸收掉)
ab-,abs-加在词根前,表示”相反,变坏,离去”等
abnormal 反常的(ab+normal正常的)
abuse 滥用(ab+use用=用坏=滥用)
absorb 吸收(ab+sorb吸收=吸收掉)
absent 缺席的(ab+sent出现=没有出现=缺席的)
abduct 诱拐(ab+duct引导=引走=诱拐)
abject 可怜的(ab+ject抛=抛掉=可怜的)
abstract 抽象的,心不在焉的(abs+tract拉=被拉开=心不在焉)
abstain 戒绝(abs+tain拿住=不再拿住=戒绝)
abscond 潜逃(abs+cond藏=藏起来=潜逃)
abscind 废除(abs+cind剪切=切掉=废除)
abscise 切除(abs+cise剪=剪掉=切除)
abstinence 节制,禁欲(abs+tin拿住+ense=不在拿住=戒除,禁欲)
辨析记忆
absorb / suck / digest / incorporate
这些动词均有“吸收”之意。
absorb → 普通用词,词义广泛,既可指吸收光、热、液体等具体东西,又可指吸收知识等抽象概念的东西。
suck → 作“吸收”解时,可与absorb换用,但还可有“吮吸”之意。
digest → 侧重在消化道内改变食物的化学结构后被人体吸收。
incorporate → 指一物或多物与它物相融合,形成一整体。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【六级】Nothing makes me feel better than being in one place, absorbed in a book, a conversation, or music.

没有什么比呆在一个地方,全神贯注于一本书、一次谈话或音乐更让我感觉良好的了。

【四级】A child's ability to become deeply absorbed in something, and derive intense pleasure from that absorption, is something adults spend the rest of their lives trying to return to.

孩子能够深深地专注于某件事,并从中获得强烈的快乐,这是成年人余生都在努力恢复的能力。

【六级】Left alone, it was assumed, the world's rain forests would not only flourish but might even rescue us from disaster by absorbing the excess carbon dioxide and other planet-warming greenhouse gases.

人们认为,如果不加以考虑,世界雨林不仅会繁衍生息,甚至可能通过吸收过量的二氧化碳和其他导致地球变暖的温室气体,将我们从灾难中解救出来。

【高考】However, when something did interest me, I could become absorbed.

然而,当我对某件事感兴趣时,我就会全神贯注。

【六级】When this water is used for agricultural irrigation, farmers risk absorbing disease-causing bacteria, as do consumers who eat the produce raw and unwashed.

当这些水用于农业灌溉时,农民有可能吸收致病细菌,生吃和未洗农产品的消费者也是如此。

【四级】Think of a 3-year-old lost in the pleasures of finding out what he can and cannot sink in the bathtub, a 5-year- old beside herself with the thrill of putting together strings of nonsensical words with her best friends, or an 11-year-old completely absorbed in a fascinating comic strip.

想想看,一个3岁的孩子沉浸在发现自己能在浴缸里沉什么、不能在浴缸里沉什么的快乐中,一个5岁的孩子沉浸在与她最好的朋友一起拼凑一连串毫无意义的词语的兴奋中,或者一个11岁的孩子完全沉浸在一部迷人的连环画中。

【四级】That's the conclusion of a new study that finds that Earth's oceans now 26 absorb heat at twice the rate they did 18 years ago.

这是一项新研究的结论,该研究发现地球海洋现在吸收热量的速度是18年前的两倍。

【考研】Helping forests flourish as valuable "carbon sinks" long into the future may require reducing their capacity to absorb carbon now.

帮助森林在未来长期繁荣成为有价值的“碳汇”可能需要降低它们吸收碳的能力。

【高考】We both became absorbed in the simplicity of playing together.

我们俩都沉浸在一起玩耍的简单中。

【高考】When condors eat dead bodies of other animals containing lead, they absorb large quantities of lead.

当秃鹰吃掉其他含铅动物的尸体时,它们会吸收大量的铅。

【高考】To become transparent, an animal needs to keep its body from absorbing or scattering light.

为了变得透明,动物需要防止身体吸收或散射光线。

【考研】The climate change we are hastening could one day leave us with forests that emit more carbon than they absorb.

我们正在加速的气候变化有朝一日可能会给我们留下排放的碳超过吸收的森林。

【高考】Absorbed in painting, john didn't notice evening approaching.

约翰全神贯注于绘画,并没有注意到夜晚即将来临。

【六级】Research shows that when we absorb information in order to teach it to someone else, we learn it more accurately and deeply, perhaps in part because we are engaging our social cognition.

研究表明,当我们为了教别人而吸收信息时,我们会更准确、更深入地学习信息,部分原因可能是因为我们参与了我们的社会认知。

【高考】It takes sunscreen about fifteen minutes to start working, and that's plenty of time for your skin to absorb a day's worth of Vitamin D.

防晒霜大约需要15分钟才能开始工作,而这足够让你的皮肤吸收一天的维生素D。

【考研】But this seems to be the irony of office speak: Everyone makes fun of it, but managers love it, companies depend on it, and regular people willingly absorb it.

但这似乎是办公室演讲的讽刺之处:每个人都取笑它,但经理们喜欢它,公司依赖它,普通人也乐于接受它。

【四级】Fantasy proneness could be considered a tendency to imagine and daydream, whereas absorption is the tendency to allow your mind to become absorbed in an activity – to pay complete attention to the sensations ( ' , 感受) and the experiences.

幻想倾向可以被认为是一种想象和白日梦的倾向,而专注则是一种让你的大脑专注于某项活动的倾向,即完全关注感觉(“,感受) 还有经验。

【高考】While watching TV, children do not merely absorb words and images.

在看电视时,孩子们不仅仅吸收文字和图像。

【高考】I don't want to get too absorbed in modeling.

我不想太专注于模特儿。

【高考】Others absorb light, stopping it dead in its tracks.

另一些则吸收光,阻止光的传播。

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