alternative
英音 [ɔːlˈtɜːnətɪv]   美音 [ɔːlˈtɜːrnətɪv]  
高中/CET4/CET6/考研/TOEFL/IELTS
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
adj.供选择的;选择性的;交替的
n.二中择一;供替代的选择
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【词根】alternate(v. 交替)+ive(形容词后缀)→alternative交替的
【词根】alter(v.改变)+native(adj.天生的)→alternative交替的
【谐音】奥特能替我→我和奥特都是可选择的,奥特是可以代替我的,要从我和奥特两者之间选一个→供替代的选择、二中择一
【联想】键盘上Alt键的英文全称即alternative,意思是可选的
【对比】
alternative adj.供选择的;选择性的;交替的
alternating adj.交替的;交互的
alternately adv交替地;轮流地;隔一个地
alternation n.交替,轮流,间隔
alternator n.(电)交流发电机
alternating v.使交替;依次( (alternatel的ing形式)
A.C:Alternating Current交流电
单词例句
There was no other alternative but to fight till the victory.
除了战斗直到胜利,别无选择。
I had no alternative but to accept his offer.
我除了接受他的提议之外,别无选择。
There must be an alternative solution.
必须要有一个替代方案。
拓展记忆
alternative二者择一(的)(来自alternate交替,交替选择的方法)
alter, altern, ali=other, to change, 表示”其他的,改变状态”
alter变更,改变(alter其他的=变成(其它的))
alterable可改变的(alter+able能…的)
alteration改造,改变(alter+ation表名词)
alternation交互,交错(alternate+ion)
alternative二者择一(的)(来自alternate交替,交替选择的方法)
alien外国的,外来的(ali+en表形容词或名词=其他地方的=外国的,外国人的)
alienate疏远(alien外国的+ate=把别人当外国人=疏远)
辨析记忆
choice / alternative / preference / option / selection / election
这些名词均含有“选择”之意。
choice → 侧重指自由选择的权利或特权。
alternative → 指在相互排斥的两者之间作严格的选择,也可指在两者以上中进行选择。
preference → 侧重因偏见、爱好或判断等而进行选择。
option → 着重特别给予的选择权利或权力,所选物常常相互排斥。
selection → 指作广泛的选择,着重选择者的识别力或鉴赏力。
election → 强调目的和达到目的判断能力。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【高考】But alternative explanations are hard to find.

但很难找到其他解释。

【六级】One way of responding to your boss's suggestion is to explain the possible consequences to her and offer an alternative solution.

回应上司建议的一种方式是向她解释可能产生的后果,并提供另一种解决方案。

【四级】Replacing sugar or salt with alternative ingredients.

用替代成分代替糖或盐。

【四级】So when I apologize, I usually choose in-person first, or a phone conversation as my top alternative, and Maybe a handwritten note next.

所以,当我道歉时,我通常会先选择当面道歉,或者电话交谈,然后是手写的便条。

【四级】The alternative, he suggested, was to face the prospect of becoming another Palo Alto, California, where outsize stress on teenage students is believed to have contributed to a number of suicides in the last six years.

他建议,另一种选择是面对成为加利福尼亚州帕洛阿尔托市另一个城市的前景,据信,在过去六年中,青少年学生承受的巨大压力导致了许多自杀事件。

【六级】Even utility companies, which have long viewed batteries and alternative forms of energy as a threat, are learning to embrace the technologies as enabling rather than disrupting.

即使是长期以来一直将电池和替代能源视为威胁的公用事业公司,也在学习将这些技术视为一种使能而非破坏。

【四级】But experts say that even when combined , alternative energy sources will likely meet only about 30% of the world's energy needs by

但专家表示,即使综合起来,到2020年,替代能源也可能只能满足世界能源需求的30%左右

【六级】Customers can bring shoes of any brand into an Adidas store to be shredded and turned into alternative fuels for energy creation instead of being burned as trash.

顾客可以将任何品牌的鞋子带进阿迪达斯商店,将其粉碎,并将其转化为可替代的能源,而不是作为垃圾焚烧。

【四级】Alternative forms of energy- bio-fuels, wind and solar, to name a few are certainly being funded and developed, and will play a growingrolein the world's energy supply.

替代能源形式——生物燃料、风能和太阳能等,肯定正在得到资助和开发,并将在世界能源供应中发挥越来越大的作用。

【四级】For example, even with significantinvestments, such as the $93 million for wind energy development included in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, important alternative energy sources such as wind and bio-fuels comprise only about 1% of the market today

例如,即使有重大投资,如《美国复苏和再投资法案》中包含的9300万美元风能开发,重要的替代能源,如风能和生物燃料,也只占当今市场的1%左右

【四级】We've surveyed business communication consultants and etiquette experts to come up with the following guidelines for effectively using the alternative ways of delivering difficult messages.

我们调查了商务沟通顾问和礼仪专家,为有效地使用传递困难信息的替代方法提出了以下指导原则。

【六级】But the Food and Drug Administration has not approved Avastin for use in the eye, and using it rather than the alternative, Lucentis, might carry an additional, although slight, safety risk.

但是食品和药物管理局还没有批准阿瓦斯汀用于眼部,使用它而不是替代品Lucentis可能会带来额外的安全风险,尽管风险很小。

【六级】with fertilizer prices jumping nearly 50% per metric ton over the last year in some places, human waste is an attractive, and often necessary, alternative.

在一些地方,化肥价格比去年每公吨上涨了近50%,人类粪便是一种有吸引力的、而且经常是必要的替代品。

【六级】What are suggested as renewable and less-polluting energy alternatives?

什么是可再生和污染较少的能源替代品?

【六级】I suspect that some experts in the field will be keen to address alternative explanations, such as unassessed variables playing a role in the well-being decline.

我怀疑该领域的一些专家会热衷于解决其他解释,比如在幸福感下降中起作用的未评估变量。

【六级】As for the meat, Smith says his grass-fed hamburger will be priced 20-25% over the conventional alternative.

至于肉,史密斯说他的草食汉堡包的价格将比传统汉堡高20-25%。

【考研】What Washington does – or doesn't do – to promote alternative energy may mean less and less at a time of a global shift in thought.

在全球思维转变之际,华盛顿在促进替代能源方面所做的或不做的事情可能会越来越少。

【四级】Strength, softness and thickness remain the leading indicators of toilet paper quality, with just a small proportion of consumers preferring more luxurious alternatives, such as those with flower patterns or perfume,said Mintel analyst Jack Duckett.

Mintel分析师Jack Duckett表示,强度、柔软度和厚度仍然是厕纸质量的领先指标,只有一小部分消费者更喜欢更豪华的替代品,如带有花卉图案或香水的替代品。

【四级】They prove to be a good alternative to petroleum.

它们被证明是石油的良好替代品。

【四级】Energy and sustainability experts say the answer to our future energy needs will likely come from a lot solutions ons both traditional and alternative

能源和可持续发展专家表示,我们未来能源需求的答案可能来自于许多传统和替代能源的解决方案

*********************
QQ交流群:747736627
*********************
关闭
我来纠错
详细内容:
请确保信息质量,低质量信息无法获得通过。
验证码: