argument
英音 [ˈɑːɡjumənt]   美音 [ˈɑːrɡjumənt]  
高中/CET4/CET6/考研/IELTS
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
n.论证;论据;争吵;内容提要;自变数;主词,受词
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【词根】argue(v.争论)+ment(名词后缀)→arguement(n.争论)
【谐音】阿姑们的→阿姑们聚在一起就会争论→争论
【拓展】
argue v.争论
arguement n.争论
augument v.增加
【词组】
have an arguement with sb 与某人争论
单词例句
His argument does not carry much conviction.
他的论据没有什么说服力.
You must settle this by argument not by fighting.
你们应当用说服而不是用打架来解决问题。
His argument appealed to me.
他的论据引起了我的兴趣。
That supports the argument.
那足以证明这论点。
辨析记忆
controversy / argument / conflict / debate / dispute / quarrel / strife
这组名词均有“争执、不和”之意。
controversy → 侧重指深刻的意见分歧,多指对引起广泛兴趣或非常重要的问题的辨论。
argument → 指辩论双方均以事实或理由来说服对方的辨论。
conflict → 指双方坚持已见、互不妥协,怀有敌意的争论,多暗示分歧极为严重,有时用语言无法解决,只得诉诸武力。
debate → 通常指经过仔细组织和计划的个人或团体之间的辩论。
dispute → 普通用词,侧重指长时间,言词激烈,针锋相对的争辩。
quarrel → 普通用词,既可指言词激烈的争吵,也可指温和的言词上的不和。
strife → 指因不可缓和的矛盾而引起的争吵或斗殴。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【考研】This argument has attracted a lot of attention, via the success of the book Race Against the Machine, by Erik Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee, who both hail from MTI's Center for Digital Business.

这一论点引起了很多关注,因为埃里克·布林约夫森(Erik Brynjolfsson)和安德鲁·麦卡菲(Andrew McAfee)都来自MTI数字商务中心,他们成功地完成了《与机器的图书竞赛》。

【四级】Many spend their lives trying to avoid arguments.

许多人一生都在试图避免争吵。

【六级】What is Professor Anne Alstott's argument for parental support?

安妮·阿尔斯托特教授关于父母支持的论点是什么?

【六级】You need to understand as a citizen and as a tax payer and as a voter what’s really behind the arguments.

作为一名公民、纳税人和选民,你需要了解这些争论背后的真正原因。

【六级】But rarely, if ever, do they publicly take the argument a step further, asserting that a growing manufacturing sector encourages craftsmanship and that craftsmanship is, if not a birthright, then a vital ingredient of the American self-image as a can-do, inventive, we-can-make-anything people.

但他们很少(如果有的话)公开更进一步地阐述这一论点,声称不断增长的制造业鼓励工匠,而工匠即使不是与生俱来的权利,也是美国人自我形象的一个重要组成部分,即能干、有创造力、我们可以为人们制造任何东西。

【考研】In contrast, suppose you give a reasonable argument: that full-time workers should not have to live in poverty.

相反,假设你给出了一个合理的论点:全职工人不应该生活在贫困中。

【六级】What is the argument of Monsanto and its supporters?

孟山都及其支持者的论点是什么?

【六级】Hall's findings suggest there's an argument to be made for electing to use "African American", though one can't help but get the sense that it's a decision that papers over the urgency of continued progress.

霍尔的研究结果表明,选择使用“非洲裔美国人”是有道理的,尽管人们不禁会感到,这是一个决定,表明了继续进步的紧迫性。

【高考】An argument about different methods of moving blocks to the pyramid site.

关于将石块移动到金字塔遗址的不同方法的争论。

【四级】Avoid arguments with business partners.

避免与业务伙伴争吵。

【高考】Another argument against television is that it replaces reading as a form of entertainment.

反对电视的另一个论点是它取代了阅读作为一种娱乐形式。

【六级】Hall's findings suggest there's an argument to be made for electing to use African American, though one can't help but get the sense that it's a decision that papers over the urgency of continued progress.

霍尔的研究结果表明,选择使用非裔美国人是有道理的,尽管人们不禁会感到,这是一个决定,证明了继续进步的紧迫性。

【四级】A 2016 review of 10 studies looking into the relationship between breakfast and weight management concluded there is "limited evidence" supporting or refuting (反驳) the argument that breakfast influences weight or food intake, and more evidence is required

2016年对10项研究进行了回顾,调查了早餐和体重管理之间的关系,得出结论,支持或反驳早餐和体重管理的“证据有限”(反驳) 早餐影响体重或食物摄入的论点,需要更多的证据

【高考】If you're the person who is in the wrong, just admit it! This is the easiest and best way to avoid an argument.

如果你是错的人,就承认吧!这是避免争论的最简单和最好的方法。

【四级】One argument that you tend to hear a lot from the pro-tipping crowd seems logical enough: the service is better when waiters depend on tips, presumably because they see a benefit to successfully veiling their contempt for you.

你经常从支持给小费的人群中听到的一个论点似乎是合乎逻辑的:当服务员依靠小费时,服务会更好,大概是因为他们认为成功地掩饰他们对你的蔑视会有好处。

【考研】Spell out their argument fully and charitably.

充分、体贴地阐述他们的论点。

【六级】Hacker's argument has met with opposition from other math educators who say what's needed is to help students develop a better relationship with math earlier, rather than teaching them less math altogether.

哈克的观点遭到了其他数学教育工作者的反对,他们说,我们需要的是帮助学生更早地发展与数学的关系,而不是教他们更少的数学。

【四级】Before you brush this argument aside as rubbish, or think of joy as an unaffordable luxury in a nation where there is awful poverty, low academic achievement, and high dropout rates, think again.

在你把这个论点当作垃圾而不予理睬之前,或者在一个极度贫困、学业成绩低、辍学率高的国家,把快乐当作一种负担不起的奢侈品之前,请三思。

【四级】A recent research shows arguments about money were especially damaging to couples.

最近的一项研究表明,关于金钱的争论对夫妻尤其有害。

【考研】They should start by discarding California’s lame argument that exploring the contents of a smart phone — a vast storehouse of digital information — is similar to, say, rifling through a suspect’s purse.

他们应该抛弃加利福尼亚州的蹩脚论点,即探索智能手机(一个巨大的数字信息仓库)的内容类似于(比如)盗取嫌疑犯的钱包。

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英语单词:argument
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