across
英音 [əˈkrɒs]   美音 [əˈkrɔːs]  
高中/CET4/CET6
单词释义 纠错+ 生词本
adv.从……的一边到另一边,穿过,越过;在对面,横过;宽;向;(纵横填字游戏)横向字谜答案
prep.从……的一边到另一边,穿过;在……对面,另一边;在……上;在各处,遍及;在……里
怎么记 纠错 +补充
【词根】a(一个)+cross(交叉、十字架)→一个交叉路口→穿过
【对比】
across 前面需要使用动词,从表面穿过
cross 本身就是动词,前面不使用动词,从表面穿过
through 前面需要使用动词,从内部穿过
over 前面需要使用动词,从上面翻过
I go across the street.
我穿过街道。
I cross the street.
我穿过街道。
I go through the forest.
我穿过森林。
I go over the mountain.
我翻过山岭。
单词例句
The road cuts across/through the forest.
这条路是穿过森林的捷径。
We can gain some time if we cut across this field.
我们如果抄近路穿过这片田野可以省下一些时间。
He shouted to me from across the room.
他从房间的另一边向我喊。
辨析记忆
across / along / over / through
这些前置词均有“横过、穿过”之意。
across → 指“从……的一边到另一边”,强调横过,多与动态动词连用。
along → 指沿着一条直线在水平方向上运动。一般表动态,有时也与静态动词连用。
over → 常和动态动词连用,指“从……上面越过”或“横越”;表静态时,指“在彼处”。
through → 侧重从一端穿到另一端。
考试真题例句(机器翻译仅供参考)

【四级】The company's self-driving cars have done well over a million miles across various states in the U.S., and until now have only reported minor accidents.

该公司的自动驾驶汽车在美国各州行驶了100多万英里,迄今为止只报告了轻微事故。

【六级】But because changes aren't reflected across the content delivery networks immediately, ghost copies of files tend to linger for days or weeks.

但由于更改不会立即反映在内容交付网络中,文件的重影副本往往会保留数天或数周。

【考研】Two years ago, Rupert Murdoch's daughter, Elisabeth, spoke of the "unsettling dearth of integrity across so many of our institutions".

两年前,鲁珀特·默多克(Rupert Murdoch)的女儿伊丽莎白(Elisabeth)谈到“我们这么多机构中诚信缺失令人不安”。

【四级】The problem is that such an impulse is hard to sustain Across the country, many similar families were unable to maintain the initial boost in morale(士气).

问题是,这种冲动在全国很难维持,许多类似的家庭无法维持最初的士气高涨(士气).

【高考】Within two years it had topped out at almost fourteen hundred feet and was more than half a mile across.

不到两年,它就高达近1400英尺,直径超过半英里。

【六级】In Act One of the show, a yellow cube is lifted from a blue box, and moved across the stage.

在表演的第一幕中,一个黄色的立方体从一个蓝色的盒子里被举起,并在舞台上移动。

【四级】Although the negative emotions associated with romantic love — fear of loss, disappointment and jealousy — are fairly consistent across cultures, the positive feelings can vary.

尽管与浪漫爱情相关的消极情绪——害怕失去、失望和嫉妒——在不同的文化中是相当一致的,但积极的情绪可能会有所不同。

【六级】Just over a decade into the 21st century, women's progress can be celebrated across a range of fields

21世纪刚刚过去十年,妇女的进步可以在多个领域得到庆祝

【六级】Mr.Ishiguro, have you ever found one of your books at a secondhand bookstore? According to a study of race and equity in education, black athletes are dropping out of college across the country at alarming rates.

石黑浩先生,你有没有在二手书店找到过你的书?根据一项关于种族和教育公平的研究,全国黑人运动员的大学辍学率令人震惊。

【高考】The four-year-old dog set off racing after the sheep across several fields and, being a city animal, lost both her sheep and her sense of direction.

这只四岁的狗追着羊群跑了好几块地,作为一种城市动物,它失去了羊群和方向感。

【六级】Earlier this year, British explorer Hadow and his team trekked for three months across the frozen Arctic Ocean, taking measurements and recording observations about the ice.

今年早些时候,英国探险家哈多和他的团队在冰冻的北冰洋上跋涉了三个月,对冰层进行了测量和记录。

【六级】The study included 386 kindergarteners from schools in the Fast Track Project, a multi-site clinical trial in the U.S that in 1991 began tracking how children developed across their lives.

这项研究包括来自快速通道项目学校的386名幼儿园教师,这是一项美国多地点临床试验,于1991年开始跟踪儿童在其一生中的发展情况。

【考研】They are acting because national governments-Britain s and others across Europe 一 have failed to do so.

他们之所以采取行动,是因为英国和欧洲其他国家的国家政府一 我们没有这样做。

【四级】Once across, the ropes were tied down and wooden bridges were hung from them.

一旦穿过,绳子就被拴住,木桥就从上面吊下来。

【四级】Although the ingredients may not strike diners as being traditional, they can be found in dishes across Britain.

虽然食客可能不会觉得这些配料是传统的,但在英国各地的菜肴中都可以找到。

【六级】This type of uneven distribution is not peculiar to the UK and is mirrored across other economies

这种类型的不均匀分布不是英国特有的,在其他经济体中也是如此

【高考】And that's true all across the country.

全国各地都是如此。

【六级】More than 30 airports across the country now have therapy dogs.

全国30多个机场现在都有治疗犬。

【六级】Researchers in Germany used miniature GPS tags to track the migrations of 70 white storks from different sites across Europe and Asia during the first five months of their lives.

德国的研究人员使用微型GPS标签跟踪了70只白鹳在出生后的头五个月内从欧洲和亚洲不同地点的迁徙情况。

【高考】Secondary students across Toronto district School Board TDSB are invited to take one or two e-learning courses on their day school timetable.

多伦多地区学校委员会TDSB的中学生被邀请在他们的日校时间表上参加一到两个电子学习课程。

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